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International Reserves: Precautionary Versus Mercantilist Views, Theory and Evidence

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  • Joshua Aizenman

    ()

  • Jaewoo Lee

    ()

Abstract

This paper compares the importance of precautionary and mercantilist motives in the hoarding of international reserves by developing countries. Overall, empirical results support precautionary motives; in particular, a more liberal capital account regime increases international reserves. Theoretically, large precautionary demand for international reserves arises as a self-insurance to avoid costly liquidation of long-term projects when the economy is susceptible to sudden stops. The welfare gain from the optimal management of international reserves is of a first-order magnitude, reducing the welfare cost of liquidity shocks from a first-order to a second-order magnitude. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11079-007-9030-z
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Open Economies Review.

Volume (Year): 18 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 191-214

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Handle: RePEc:kap:openec:v:18:y:2007:i:2:p:191-214

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=100323

Related research

Keywords: International reserves; Precautionary demand; Mercantilist; Financial crises; F15; F31; F43;

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  13. Kravis, Irving B, 1984. "Comparative Studies of National Incomes and Prices," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(1), pages 1-39, March.
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  15. Sebastian Edwards, 2007. "Capital Controls, Sudden Stops, and Current Account Reversals," NBER Chapters, in: Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices and Consequences, pages 73-120 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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