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What Behaviors are Disapproved? Experimental Evidence from Five Dictator Games

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  • Raúl López-Pérez

    ()
    (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Departamento de Análisis Económico, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain)

  • Marc Vorsatz

    ()
    (Departamento de Análisis Económico II, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Paseo Senda del Rey 11, 28040 Madrid, Spain
    Fundación de Estudios de Economía Aplicada (FEDEA), Calle Jorge Juan 46, 28001 Madrid, Spain)

Abstract

The literature on social norms has often stressed that social disapproval is crucial to foster compliance with norms and promote fair and cooperative behavior. With this in mind, we explore the disapproval of allocation decisions using experimental data from five dictator games with a feedback stage. Our data suggests that subjects are heterogeneous in their disapproval patterns, distinguishing two main groups: (1) Subjects who only disapprove choices that harm them, and (2) subjects who disapprove socially inefficient choices.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Games.

Volume (Year): 3 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 78-96

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Handle: RePEc:gam:jgames:v:3:y:2012:i:2:p:78-96:d:17340

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Related research

Keywords: approval; disapproval; dictator game; experiment; social norms;

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References

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  1. Ernst Fehr & Armin Falk, 2002. "Psychological Foundations of Incentives," CESifo Working Paper Series 714, CESifo Group Munich.
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  7. López-Pérez, Raúl & Vorsatz, Marc, 2010. "On approval and disapproval: Theory and experiments," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 527-541, August.
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  17. James Konow, 2000. "Fair Shares: Accountability and Cognitive Dissonance in Allocation Decisions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 1072-1091, September.
  18. Xiao, Erte & Houser, Daniel, 2009. "Avoiding the sharp tongue: Anticipated written messages promote fair economic exchange," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 393-404, June.
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  21. Cowen, Tyler, 2002. " The Esteem Theory of Norms," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 113(1-2), pages 211-24, October.
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