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Credit Risk and the Finnish Economy

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Abstract

The significance of credit risk models has increased with the introduction of the New Basel Accord, known as Basel II. The aim of this study is to examine default rate modeling. This paper follows two possible approaches to macro credit risk modeling, empirical models and a latent factor model based on Merton. We employ data over the time period from 1988 to 2003 for the Finnish economy, including time series of bankruptcy, numbers of firms and industry-specific data. Linear vector autoregressive models are used in the case of a dynamic empirical model. We examine how significant macroeconomic indicators determine the default rate in the whole economy and in industry-specific sectors. Since these models cannot provide microeconomic foundations, we employ a model with one latent factor, although multi-factor models are also considered. This estimation helps us to understand the relationships between credit risk and macroeconomic indicators. Both models can be used for default rate prediction or stres s testing by central authorities.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies in its journal AUCO Czech Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 1 (2007)
Issue (Month): 3 (November)
Pages: 254-285

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Handle: RePEc:fau:aucocz:au2007_254

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Related research

Keywords: banking; credit risk; latent factor model; default rate;

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  1. Siem Jan Koopman & Andr� Lucas, 2003. "Business and Default Cycles for Credit Risk," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 03-062/2, Tinbergen Institute, revised 09 Jan 2003.
  2. Hamerle, Alfred & Liebig, Thilo & Scheule, Harald, 2004. "Forecasting Credit Portfolio Risk," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2004,01, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  3. Lucas, Andre & Klaassen, Pieter, 2006. "Discrete versus continuous state switching models for portfolio credit risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 23-35, January.
  4. Gertjan W. Vlieghe, 2001. "Indicators of fragility in the UK corporate sector," Bank of England working papers 146, Bank of England.
  5. Linda Allen & Anthony Saunders, 2003. "A survey of cyclical effects in credit risk measurement model," BIS Working Papers 126, Bank for International Settlements.
  6. Edward I. Altman & Brooks Brady & Andrea Resti & Andrea Sironi, 2005. "The Link between Default and Recovery Rates: Theory, Empirical Evidence, and Implications," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 78(6), pages 2203-2228, November.
  7. Michael B. Gordy, 2002. "A risk-factor model foundation for ratings-based bank capital rules," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2002-55, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Giuseppe Marotta & Chiara Pederzoli & Costanza Torricelli, 2005. "Forward-looking estimation of default probabilities with Italian data," Heterogeneity and monetary policy 0504, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia Politica.
  9. Merton, Robert C., 1973. "On the pricing of corporate debt: the risk structure of interest rates," Working papers 684-73., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
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