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Employment Vulnerability and Earnings in Urban West Africa

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  • Bocquier, Philippe
  • Nordman, Christophe J.
  • Vescovo, Aude

Abstract

Summary This article develops indicators of vulnerability in employment in seven economic capitals of West Africa and studies their links with individual incomes. Quantitative, distributional and qualitative analyses show that vulnerability compensating mechanism is mainly seen in the informal sector, in the upper tail of the earnings distribution and particularly in the circumstance of visible underemployment. Employment vulnerability is not compensated for the poorest workers in the private sector. Long "job queues" and weak institutional protection of workers may have reduced bargaining power in the formal sector.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
Issue (Month): 9 (September)
Pages: 1297-1314

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:38:y:2010:i:9:p:1297-1314

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

Related research

Keywords: vulnerability working conditions compensating differentials earnings informal sector West Africa;

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References

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  1. Dimova, Ralitza & Nordman, Christophe Jalil & Roubaud, François, 2010. "Allocation of Labor in Urban West Africa: Insights from the Pattern of Labor Supply and Skill Premiums," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10597, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Ambra Poggi, 2007. "Do Satisfactory Working Conditions Contribute to Explaining Earning Differentials in Italy? A Panel Data Approach," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 21(4-5), pages 713-733, December.
  3. Kuepie, Mathias & Nordman, Christophe J. & Roubaud, François, 2009. "Education and earnings in urban West Africa," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 491-515, September.
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  8. Lanfranchi, Joseph & Ohlsson, Henry & Skalli, Ali, 2002. "Compensating wage differentials and shift work preferences," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 393-398, February.
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  12. Lee, Lung-Fei, 1983. "Generalized Econometric Models with Selectivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(2), pages 507-12, March.
  13. Lawrence F. Katz, 1986. "Efficiency Wage Theories: A Partial Evaluation," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1986, Volume 1, pages 235-290 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Daniel, Christophe & Sofer, Catherine, 1998. "Bargaining, Compensating Wage Differentials, and Dualism of the Labor Market: Theory and Evidence for France," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(3), pages 546-75, July.
  15. Maloney, William F., 2004. "Informality Revisited," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 1159-1178, July.
  16. Hwang, Hae-shin & Mortensen, Dale T & Reed, W Robert, 1998. "Hedonic Wages and Labor Market Search," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(4), pages 815-47, October.
  17. Elisabetta Magnani, 2001. "Market Volatility and the Structure of US Earnings," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 15(1), pages 57-80, 03.
  18. Fernández, Rosa M. & Nordman, Christophe J., 2009. "Are there pecuniary compensations for working conditions?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 194-207, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Kuépié, Mathias & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2011. "Education et marchés du travail à Brazzaville et Pointe Noire (Congo-Brazzaville)," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/7386, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Pasquier-Doumer, Laure & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2013. "Transitions in a West African Labour Market: The Role of Social Networks," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12204, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Huu Chi Nguyen & Christophe Nordman & François Roubaud, 2011. "Who Suffers the Penalty? A Panel Data Analysis of Earnings Gaps in Vietnam," Working Papers DT/2011/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  4. Pasquier-Doumer, Laure & Nordman, Christophe Jalil, 2011. "Transitions and Occupational Changes in a West African Urban Labour Market: The Role of Social Network," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/11236, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Christophe Nordman & Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2012. "Vocational Education, On-the-Job Training and Labour Market Integration of Young Workers in Urban West Africa," Working Papers DT/2012/13, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).

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