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Congestion in the Chinese automobile and textile industries revisited

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  • Flegg, A.T.
  • Allen, D.O.
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    Abstract

    This paper re-examines a problem of congested inputs in the Chinese automobile and textile industries, which was identified by Cooper et al. [Cooper WW, Deng H, Gu B, Li S, Thrall RM. Using DEA to improve the management of congestion in Chinese industries (1981-1997). Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 2001;35:227-242]. Since these authors employed a single approach in measuring congestion, it is worth exploring whether alternative procedures would yield very different outcomes. Indeed, the measurement of congestion is an area where there has been much theoretical debate but relatively little empirical work. After examining the theoretical properties of the two main approaches currently available, those of Färe et al. [Färe R, Grosskopf S, Lovell CAK. The measurement of efficiency of production. Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff; 1985] and Cooper et al., we use the data set assembled by Cooper et al. for the period 1981-1997 to compare and contrast the measurements of congestion generated by these alternative approaches. We find that the results are strikingly different, especially in terms of the amount of congestion identified. Finally, we discuss the new approach to measuring congestion proposed by Tone and Sahoo [Tone K, Sahoo BK. Degree of scale economies and congestion: a unified DEA approach. European Journal of Operational Research 2004;158:755-772].

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Socio-Economic Planning Sciences.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 (September)
    Pages: 177-191

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:soceps:v:43:y:2009:i:3:p:177-191

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/seps

    Related research

    Keywords: Data envelopment analysis Congestion Inefficiency;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Cooper, William W. & Seiford, Lawrence M. & Zhu, Joe, 2000. "A unified additive model approach for evaluating inefficiency and congestion with associated measures in DEA," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 1-25, March.
    2. Cooper, W. W. & Deng, Honghui & Huang, Zhimin M. & Li, Susan X., 2002. "A one-model approach to congestion in data envelopment analysis," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 231-238, December.
    3. Cooper, W. W. & Deng, Honghui & Gu, Bisheng & Li, Shanling & Thrall, R. M., 2001. "Using DEA to improve the management of congestion in Chinese industries (1981-1997)," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 227-242, December.
    4. P. Byrnes & R. Färe & S. Grosskopf, 1984. "Measuring Productive Efficiency: An Application to Illinois Strip Mines," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(6), pages 671-681, June.
    5. A. T. Flegg & D. O. Allen & K. Field & T. W. Thurlow, 2004. "Measuring the efficiency of British universities: a multi-period data envelopment analysis," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 231-249.
    6. A. T. Flegg & D. O. Allen, 2007. "Does Expansion Cause Congestion? The Case of the Older British Universities, 1994-2004," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(1), pages 75-102.
    7. Fare, Rolf & Grosskopf, Shawna, 1998. "Congestion: a note," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 21-23, March.
    8. Brockett, Patrick L. & Cooper, William W. & Wang, Yuying & Shin, Hong-Chul, 1998. "Inefficiency and congestion in Chinese production before and after the 1978 economic reforms," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 1-20, March.
    9. Tone, Kaoru & Sahoo, Biresh K., 2004. "Degree of scale economies and congestion: A unified DEA approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 158(3), pages 755-772, November.
    10. Cooper, W. W. & Seiford, L. M. & Zhu, J., 2001. "Slacks and congestion: response to a comment by R. Fare and S. Grosskopf," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 205-215, September.
    11. Patrick Brockett & William Cooper & Honghui Deng & Linda Golden & T. Ruefli, 2004. "Using DEA to Identify and Manage Congestion," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 22(3), pages 207-226, November.
    12. Fare, Rolf, et al, 1989. "Multilateral Productivity Comparisons When Some Outputs Are Undesirable: A Nonparametric Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 90-98, February.
    13. Fare, Rolf & Grosskopf, Shawna, 2000. "Slacks and congestion: a comment," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 27-33, March.
    14. Cherchye, Laurens & Kuosmanen, Timo & Post, Thierry, 2001. "Alternative treatments of congestion in DEA: A rejoinder to Cooper, Gu, and Li," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 132(1), pages 75-80, July.
    15. A T Flegg & D O Allen, 2007. "Using Coopers Approach to Explore the Extent of Congestion in the New British Universities," Economic Issues Journal Articles, Economic Issues, vol. 12(2), pages 47-82, September.
    16. Cooper, W. W. & Gu, Bisheng & Li, Shanling, 2001. "Note: Alternative treatments of congestion in DEA - a response to the Cherchye, Kuosmanen and Post critique," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 132(1), pages 81-87, July.
    17. Rolf Färe & Shawna Grosskopf, 2000. "Research Note. Decomposing Technical Efficiency with Care," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(1), pages 167-168, January.
    18. Cooper, W. W. & Gu, Bisheng & Li, Shanling, 2001. "Comparisons and evaluations of alternative approaches to the treatment of congestion in DEA," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 132(1), pages 62-74, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Noura, A.A. & Hosseinzadeh Lotfi, F. & Jahanshahloo, G.R. & Rashidi, S. Fanati & Parker, Barnett R., 2010. "A new method for measuring congestion in data envelopment analysis," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 44(4), pages 240-246, December.

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