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Are "bounced check loans" really loans? Theory, evidence and policy

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  • Fusaro, Marc Anthony
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    Abstract

    This research addresses the controversial bank policy of paying - rather than bouncing - overdrawn checks, debits or ATM withdrawals. We argue that it should fall under lending regulations only if consumers use the program to get intentional loans. In contrast, if the program primarily applies to checking account activity then it should fall under checking account regulations. A model of precautionary balance holding and checking account customer data are used to estimate the likelihood of overdrafting. Predicted overdrafts are compared to actual overdrafts to conclude that 79% are explained by the model and thus thought to be mistakes due to the stochastic nature of household expenditures.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance.

    Volume (Year): 50 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (November)
    Pages: 492-500

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:50:y:2010:i:4:p:492-500

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620167

    Related research

    Keywords: Bounced check Overdraft Precautionary money demand Checking account Bank regulation;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Marc Fusaro & Richard Ericson, 2010. "The Welfare Economics of “Bounce Protection” Programs," Journal of Consumer Policy, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 55-73, March.
    2. Bar-Ilan, Avner, 1990. "Overdrafts and the Demand for Money," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(5), pages 1201-16, December.
    3. Milbourne, Ross, 1983. "Optimal Money Holding under Uncertainty," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 24(3), pages 685-98, October.
    4. Aleksander Berentsen & Gabriele Camera & Christopher Waller, 2005. "Money, Credit and Banking," CESifo Working Paper Series 1617, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Sciortino, John J. & Huston, John H. & Spencer, Roger W., 1987. "Perceived risk and the precautionary demand for money," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 339-346, September.
    6. Miquel Faig & Belen Jerez, 2005. "Inflation, Prices, And Information In Competitive Search," Economics Working Papers we051708, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
    7. John V. Duca & William C. Whitesell, 1991. "Credit cards and money demand: a cross-sectional study," Research Paper 9112, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    8. Marc Fusaro, 2008. "Hidden Consumer Loans: An Analysis of Implicit Interest Rates on Bounced Checks," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 251-263, June.
    9. Miquel Faig & Belén Jerez, 2005. "Precautionary Balances And The Velocity Of Circulation Of Money," Economics Working Papers we051406, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
    10. Jacob A. Frenkel & Boyan Jovanovic, 1978. "On Transactions and Precautionary Demand For Money," NBER Working Papers 0288, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Tsiang, S C, 1969. "The Precautionary Demand for Money: An Inventory Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 77(1), pages 99-117, Jan./Feb..
    12. Duca, John V. & VanHoose, David D., 2004. "Recent developments in understanding the demand for money," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 247-272.
    13. Marc Fusaro, 2009. "The rank, stock, order and epidemic effects of technology adoption: an empirical study of bounce protection programs," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 24-42, February.
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    Cited by:
    1. Campbell, Dennis & Asís Martínez-Jerez, F. & Tufano, Peter, 2012. "Bouncing out of the banking system: An empirical analysis of involuntary bank account closures," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 1224-1235.

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