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Precautionary Balances and the Velocity of Circulation of Money

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  • MIQUEL FAIG
  • BELÉN JEREZ

Abstract

The low velocity of circulation of money implies that households hold more money than they normally spend. This behavior is explained if households face uncertain expenditure needs, so that they have a precautionary motive for holding money. We investigate this motive in a search model where households are subject to preference shocks. The model predicts that velocity is not only low but also interest elastic. The model closely fits U.S. data on velocity and interest rates (1892-2004). The empirical analysis reveals a dramatic reduction in precautionary balances toward the end of our sample, which is important for policy issues. Copyright 2007 The Ohio State University.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Blackwell Publishing in its journal Journal of Money, Credit and Banking.

Volume (Year): 39 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (06)
Pages: 843-873

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Handle: RePEc:mcb:jmoncb:v:39:y:2007:i:4:p:843-873

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Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0022-2879

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  1. Robert J. Hodrick & Narayana Kocherlakota & Deborah Lucas, 1989. "The Variability of Velocity in Cash-In-Advance Models," NBER Working Papers 2891, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  5. Randall Wright & Guillame Rocheteau, 2003. "Money in Search Equilibrium, in Competitive Equilibrium, and in Competitive Search Equilibrium," Levine's Bibliography 666156000000000302, UCLA Department of Economics.
  6. Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2002. "A unified framework for monetary theory and policy analysis," Working Paper 0211, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  7. Svensson, Lars E O, 1985. "Money and Asset Prices in a Cash-in-Advance Economy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 919-44, October.
  8. Robert E. Lucas, Jr. & Nancy L. Stokey, 1985. "Money and Interest in a Cash-in-Advance Economy," NBER Working Papers 1618, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Shouyong Shi, 1996. "A Divisible Search Model of Fiat Money," Working Papers 930, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  10. Moen, E.R., 1995. "Competitive Search Equilibrium," Memorandum 37/1995, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  11. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro & Wright, Randall, 1989. "On Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 927-54, August.
  12. Faig, Miquel & Jerez, Belen, 2005. "A theory of commerce," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 122(1), pages 60-99, May.
  13. Robert E. Lucas, Jr., 2000. "Inflation and Welfare," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(2), pages 247-274, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Faig Miquel & Jerez Belén, 2006. "Inflation, Prices, and Information in Competitive Search," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(1), pages 1-34, September.
  2. Telyukova, Irina A. & Visschers, Ludo, 2009. "Precautionary Demand for Money in a Monetary Business Cycle Model," MPRA Paper 15622, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Rojas Breu, Mariana, 2013. "The welfare effect of access to credit," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/7353, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. Aleksander Berentsen & Samuel Huber & Alessandro Marchesiani, 2014. "Financial innovations, money demand, and the welfare cost of inflation," ECON - Working Papers 136, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
  5. Telyukova, Irina A. & Visschers, Ludo, 2013. "Precautionary money demand in a business-cycle model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(8), pages 900-916.
  6. Mei Dong, 2009. "Money and Costly Credit," 2009 Meeting Papers 404, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Thomas Straubhaar & Henning Vöpel, 2012. "Euro- und Finanzkrise: Sollte die EZB ihre Aufgabe über die Inflationsbekämpfung hinaus erweitern?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 65(02), pages 04-07, 01.
  8. Jacky Mallett & Charles Keen, 2012. "Does GDP measure growth in the economy or simply growth in the money supply?," Papers 1208.0642, arXiv.org.
  9. Zhe Li & Miquel Faig, 2007. "The Welfare Cost of Expected and Unexpected Inflation," 2007 Meeting Papers 125, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  10. Ludo Visschers & Irina A. Telyukova, 2009. "Precautionary Demand for Money in a Monetary Search Business Cycle Model," 2009 Meeting Papers 410, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  11. Fusaro, Marc Anthony, 2010. "Are "bounced check loans" really loans? Theory, evidence and policy," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 492-500, November.

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