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Precautionary Balances and the Velocity of Circulation of Money

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  • Miquel Faig

    ()
    (Department of Economics University of Toronto)

  • Belen Jerez

Abstract

The low velocity of circulation of money implies that households hold more money than they normally spend. This behavior is explained if households face uncertain expenditure needs, so that they have a precautionary motive for holding money. We investigate this motive in a search model where households are subject to preference shocks. The model predicts that the velocity is not only low but also interest elastic. The model closely fits United States data on velocity and interest rates (1892-2003). The empirical analysis reveals a dramatic reduction in precautionary balances towards the end of our sample, which is important for policy issues

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2006 Meeting Papers with number 457.

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Date of creation: 03 Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed006:457

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Keywords: Precautionary Balances; Velocity of Circulation of Money; Demand for Money;

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References

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  1. Guillaume Rocheteau & Randall Wright, 2004. "Money in search equilibrium, in competitive equilibrium, and in competitive search equilibrium," Working Paper 0405, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  2. Moen, Espen R, 1997. "Competitive Search Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(2), pages 385-411, April.
  3. Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2002. "A unified framework for monetary theory and policy analysis," Working Paper 0211, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  4. Robert E. Lucas, Jr., 2000. "Inflation and Welfare," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(2), pages 247-274, March.
  5. Shouyong Shi, 1997. "A Divisible Search Model of Fiat Money," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(1), pages 75-102, January.
  6. Berentsen, Aleksander & Camera, Gabriele & Waller, Christopher, 2007. "Money, credit and banking," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 135(1), pages 171-195, July.
  7. Svensson, Lars E O, 1985. "Money and Asset Prices in a Cash-in-Advance Economy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 919-44, October.
  8. Robert J. Hodrick & Narayana Kocherlakota & Deborah Lucas, 1989. "The Variability of Velocity in Cash-In-Advance Models," NBER Working Papers 2891, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. John W. Kendrick, 1961. "Productivity Trends in the United States," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number kend61-1, May.
  10. Robert E. Lucas Jr. & Nancy L. Stokey, 1984. "Money and Interest in Cash-In-Advance Economy," Discussion Papers 628, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  11. Miquel Faig, 2006. "Divisible Money In An Economy With Villages," Working Papers tecipa-216, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  12. Faig, Miquel & Jerez, Belen, 2005. "A theory of commerce," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 122(1), pages 60-99, May.
  13. Kiyotaki, Nobuhiro & Wright, Randall, 1989. "On Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 927-54, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Irina A. Telyukova & Ludo Visschers, 2011. "Precautionary demand for money in a monetary business cycle model," Economics Working Papers we1142, Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía.
  2. Fusaro, Marc Anthony, 2010. "Are "bounced check loans" really loans? Theory, evidence and policy," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 492-500, November.
  3. Aleksander Berentsen & Samuel Huber & Alessandro Marchesiani, 2014. "Financial innovations, money demand, and the welfare cost of inflation," ECON - Working Papers 136, Department of Economics - University of Zurich.
  4. Rojas Breu, Mariana, 2013. "The welfare effect of access to credit," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/7353, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Thomas Straubhaar & Henning Vöpel, 2012. "Euro- und Finanzkrise: Sollte die EZB ihre Aufgabe über die Inflationsbekämpfung hinaus erweitern?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 65(02), pages 04-07, 01.
  6. Zhe Li & Miquel Faig, 2007. "The Welfare Cost of Expected and Unexpected Inflation," 2007 Meeting Papers 125, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Faig Miquel & Jerez Belén, 2006. "Inflation, Prices, and Information in Competitive Search," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(1), pages 1-34, September.
  8. Ludo Visschers & Irina A. Telyukova, 2009. "Precautionary Demand for Money in a Monetary Search Business Cycle Model," 2009 Meeting Papers 410, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  9. Jacky Mallett & Charles Keen, 2012. "Does GDP measure growth in the economy or simply growth in the money supply?," Papers 1208.0642, arXiv.org.
  10. Mei Dong, 2011. "Money and Costly Credit," Working Papers 11-7, Bank of Canada.
  11. Telyukova, Irina A. & Visschers, Ludo, 2013. "Precautionary money demand in a business-cycle model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(8), pages 900-916.

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