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Do spin-offs really create value? The European case

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  • Veld, Chris
  • Veld-Merkoulova, Yulia V.

Abstract

We study wealth effects for a sample of 161 spin-offs from 15 different European countries that were announced between January 1987 and September 2000. The cumulative average abnormal return over the three-day event window is 2.35%. The mean abnormal return is 2.89% for companies that increase their industrial focus and only 1.20% for non-focus increasing companies.These results are in line with previous studies for the United States.The long-run returns in excess of the market return are significantly negative for both parent and pro-forma combined firms.However, if we control for the size and book-to-market effects by creating a matching portfolio, we find mostly insignificant long-run excess returns both for focus-increasing and non-focus increasing parents, subsidiaries and pro-forma combined firms.This result suggests that, unlike U.S. spin-offs, European spin-offs are not associated with long-run outperformance.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Banking & Finance.

Volume (Year): 28 (2004)
Issue (Month): 5 (May)
Pages: 1111-1135

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:28:y:2004:i:5:p:1111-1135

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Cited by:
  1. Dmitri Boreiko & Maurizio Murgia, 2013. "European spin-offs Origin, value creation, and long-term performance," BEMPS - Bozen Economics & Management Paper Series BEMPS05, School of Economics and Management at the Free University of Bozen.
  2. Harris, Oneil & Glegg, Charmaine, 2008. "The wealth effects of cross-border spinoffs," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 18(5), pages 461-476, December.
  3. Hvide, Hans K., 2004. "Firm Size and the Quality of Entrepreneurs," Discussion Papers 2004/9, Department of Business and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics.
  4. Chan, Konan & Ikenberry, David L. & Lee, Inmoo, 2007. "Do managers time the market? Evidence from open-market share repurchases," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(9), pages 2673-2694, September.
  5. HansK. Hvide, 2009. "The Quality of Entrepreneurs," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(539), pages 1010-1035, 07.
  6. Harris, Oneil & Madura, Jeff, 2010. "Cause and effects of poison pill adoptions by spinoff units," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 62(4), pages 307-330, July.
  7. Chemmanur, Thomas J. & Jordan, Bradford D. & Liu, Mark H. & Wu, Qun, 2010. "Antitakeover provisions in corporate spin-offs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 813-824, April.
  8. Carretta, Alessandro & Farina, Vincenzo & Graziano, Elvira Anna & Reale, Marco, 2011. "Does investor attention influence stock market activity? The case of spin-off deals," MPRA Paper 33545, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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