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Export propensity and intensity of subsidiaries in emerging economies

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Author Info

  • Estrin, Saul
  • Meyer, Klaus E.
  • Wright, Mike
  • Foliano, Francesca

Abstract

We extend the theory of the multinational enterprise and the institutional perspective of strategy by exploring subsidiary-specific advantages as a driver of subsidiary exports. We distinguish between the factors influencing whether or not subsidiaries are exporting (export propensity) and those determining the share of sales that are exported (export intensity). The former are argued to be largely associated with the relative resource position of the subsidiary and the latter primarily with the character of the host institutional environment. We provide empirical support for these arguments through a Heckman two-stage selection model estimation using a unique primary dataset of foreign owned affiliates in Hungary, Poland, India and South Africa, Egypt and Vietnam. In particular, the quality of the host institutional environment does not affect export propensity which depends on subsidiary-specific advantages in terms of geographic location, acquired resources and small scale of the parent MNE. However, export intensity is lower where the institutional environment has a higher level of economic freedom.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Business Review.

Volume (Year): 17 (2008)
Issue (Month): 5 (October)
Pages: 574-586

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Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:17:y:2008:i:5:p:574-586

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Related research

Keywords: Emerging economies Exports Export intensity Export propensity Heckman estimator Institutional theory of strategy Subsidiary strategy;

References

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Cited by:
  1. Bobillo, Alfredo M. & López-Iturriaga, Felix & Tejerina-Gaite, Fernando, 2010. "Firm performance and international diversification: The internal and external competitive advantages," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 607-618, December.
  2. Singh, Deeksha A., 2009. "Export performance of emerging market firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 321-330, August.
  3. S. De Prijcker & S. Manigart & M. Wright & W. De Maeseneire, 2009. "The influence of international human capital and international network relationships on the cross-border investment behaviour of private equity firms," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 09/597, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
  4. Nguyen, Thang V. & Le, Ngoc T.B. & Bryant, Scott E., 2013. "Sub-national institutions, firm strategies, and firm performance: A multilevel study of private manufacturing firms in Vietnam," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 68-76.
  5. Somnath Lahiri, 2011. "India-focused publications in leading international business journals," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 427-447, June.
  6. Chiara Franco & Subash Sasidharan, 2009. "MNEs and Export Spillovers: An Analysis of Indian Manufacturing Industries," Working Papers 2009-049, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.
  7. Yi, Jingtao & Wang, Chengqi & Kafouros, Mario, 2013. "The effects of innovative capabilities on exporting: Do institutional forces matter?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 392-406.
  8. Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés & Tselios, Vassilis & Winkler, Deborah & Farole, Thomas, 2013. "Geography and the Determinants of Firm Exports in Indonesia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 225-240.
  9. Franco, Chiara & Sasidharan, Subash, 2010. "MNEs, technological efforts and channels of export spillover: An analysis of Indian manufacturing industries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 270-288, September.
  10. Anwar, Sajid & Nguyen, Lan Phi, 2011. "Foreign direct investment and export spillovers: Evidence from Vietnam," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 177-193, April.
  11. Joana Reis & Rosa Forte, 2014. "The Impact Of Industry Characteristics On Firms’ Export Intensity," FEP Working Papers 524, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  12. Love, James H. & Mansury, Mica Ariana, 2009. "Exporting and productivity in business services: Evidence from the United States," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 630-642, December.

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