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Swedish economic growth and education since 1800

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  • David de la Croix
  • Thomas Lindh
  • Bo Malmberg

Abstract

The contribution of this paper is twofold. First, it builds and makes use of long-run data from Sweden on formal education that have never been used to date. Second, it provides a quantitative application of recent theoretical work on the link between demographic changes and economic growth through their effect on education. It concludes that changes in longevity may account for as much as 20% of the observed rise in education over the period from 1800-2000 via a horizon effect, but have little impact on income growth over the period. On the contrary, changes in population density and composition are central, mainly thanks to their effect on productivity. Most income growth over this period would not have materialized if demographic variables had stayed constant since 1800.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Canadian Economics Association in its journal Canadian Journal of Economics.

Volume (Year): 41 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 166-185

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Handle: RePEc:cje:issued:v:41:y:2008:i:1:p:166-185

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Cited by:
  1. Cervellati, Matteo & Sunde, Uwe, 2013. "The Economic and Demographic Transition, Mortality, and Comparative Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 9337, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. DE LA CROIX, David & LICANDRO, Omar, 2012. "The longevity of famous people from Hammurabi to Einstein," CORE Discussion Papers 2012052, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  3. Raouf Boucekkine & David de la Croix & Omar Licandro, 2011. "Vintage capital growth theory: Three breakthroughs," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 875.11, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
  4. Cuberes, David, 2009. "Early and Late Demographic Transitions: the Role of Urbanization," MPRA Paper 17720, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Raouf Boucekkine & David De La Croix & Omar Licandro, 2011. "Vintage capital theory: Three breakthroughs," Working Papers halshs-00599074, HAL.
  6. PESTIEAU, Pierre & PONTHIERE, Grégory, . "The public economics of increasing longevity," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2464, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  7. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00676492 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Nils-Petter Lagerlöf, 2010. "Malthus in Sweden," 2010 Meeting Papers 790, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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