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A closer look at the relationship between life expectancy and economic growth

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  • Théophile T. Azomahou
  • Raouf Boucekkine
  • Bity Diene

Abstract

We first provide a nonparametric inference of the relationship between life expectancy and economic growth on an historical data for 18 countries over the period 1820-2005. The obtained shape shows up convexity for low enough values of life expectancy and concavity for large enough values. We then study this relationship on a benchmark model combining perpetual youth" and learning-by-investing. In such a benchmark, the generated relationship between life expectancy and economic growth is shown to be strictly increasing and concave. We finally examine two models departing from perpetual youth" by assuming successively age-dependent earnings and age-dependent survival probabilities. With age-dependent earnings, the obtained relationship is hump-shaped while agedependent survival laws do reproduce the convex-concave shape detected in the prior empirical study.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by The International Society for Economic Theory in its journal International Journal of Economic Theory.

Volume (Year): 5 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 201-244

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Handle: RePEc:bla:ijethy:v:5:y:2009:i:2:p:201-244

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  5. BOUCEKKINE, Raouf & DE LA CROIX, David & PEETERS, Dominique, 2005. "Early literacy achievements, population density and the transition to modern growth," CORE Discussion Papers 2005026, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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Cited by:
  1. Hippolyte D'Albis & Emmanuelle Augeraud-Véron, 2012. "Frequency of trade and the deterrminacy of equilibrium in economies of overlapping generations," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00717158, HAL.
  2. Jakub Growiec & Christian Groth, 2012. "On aggregating human capital across heterogeneous cohorts," Discussion Papers 12-13, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.
  3. Aditya Goenka & Saqib Jafarey & William Pouliot, 2012. "Pollution, Mortality and Optimal Environmental Policy," Discussion Papers 12-05, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
  4. Luciano Fanti & Mimmo Iannelli & Piero Manfredi, 2013. "Neoclassical growth with endogenous age distribution. Poverty vs low-fertility traps as steady states of demographic transitions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 1457-1484, October.
  5. GROWIEC, Jakub, 2007. "Human capital, aggregation, and growth," CORE Discussion Papers 2007056, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  6. Ponthiere, Gregory, 2011. "Existence and stability of overconsumption equilibria," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 74-90.
  7. Kuhn, Michael & Prettner, Klaus, 2012. "Growth and welfare effects of health care in knowledge based economies," ECON WPS - Vienna University of Technology Working Papers in Economic Theory and Policy 03/2012, Vienna University of Technology, Institute for Mathematical Methods in Economics, Research Group Economics (ECON).
  8. Hippolyte D'albis & Emmanuelle Augeraud-Véron, 2011. "Continuous-Time Overlapping Generations Models," Working Papers 246051, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.

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