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Les clusters vitivinicoles français à AOC. Une analyse en termes de biens clubs

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  • Jacques Calvet
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    Abstract

    The aim of the text is to analyze some problems of the French quality wine industry in terms of the theories of club goods and of clusters. We show that the French wine regions are clusters and that their competitive advantages come from a combination of market forms of coordination (the competition) and of non market forms of coordination (the cooperation). The main consequence of the cooperation is a specific club good, the « Appellation d?Origine Contrôlée ». These structural features give rise to two problems: opportunist behaviors that lower the quality of the wine and a too complex supply. These problems weaken the French wine industry on the international market, facing the « New world » producers. Finally, we suggest some propositions to improve the competitiveness of the French wine clusters. JEL classification : L14- L16- L22- R11- R13- R5.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Armand Colin in its journal Revue d’Économie Régionale & Urbaine.

    Volume (Year): octobre (2005)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 481-506

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_054_0481

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    Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-regionale-et-urbaine.htm

    Related research

    Keywords: Club good-cluster-congestion; effects-opportunist; behaviors-wine industry;

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    References

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    1. Anderson, Kym & Norman, David & Wittwer, Glyn, 2002. "Globalization of the Worlds Wine Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 3169, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Ludovic Ragni, 1997. "Systèmes localisés de production : une analyse évolutionniste," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 81(1), pages 23-40.
    3. Vincent Frigant, 2001. "Une lecture hirschmanienne de la coordination : le loyalisme dans les systèmes productifs territorialisés," Post-Print hal-00671624, HAL.
    4. Pierre Perrin, 2001. "Un apport autrichien à la théorie du territoire," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 229-248.
    5. André Torre, 2002. "Les AOC sont-elles des clubs ? Réflexions sur les conditions de l'action collective localisée, entre coopération et règles formelles," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 100(1), pages 39-62.
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