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WTO Negotiations on Market Access in Agriculture: a Comparison of Alternative Tariff Cut Proposals for the EU and the US

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  • Bureau Jean-Christophe

    ()
    (Institut Nationale Agronomique)

  • Salvatici Luca

    ()
    (University of Molise)

Abstract

This paper provides a summary measure of the possible new commitments in the area of agricultural market access undertaken by the European Union and the United States, using the Trade Restrictiveness Index (TRI) as the tariff aggregator. We take the 2001 bound tariffs as the starting point and attempt to assess how much liberalization in agriculture could be achieved in the European Union and the United States as a result of the present negotiations. We compute the index for 20 agricultural commodity aggregates under the actual commitments assuming a specific functional form for import demand. We compare the present levels of the TRI with three hypothetical cases: a repetition of the same set of tariff cuts commitments of the Uruguay Round according to a EU proposal prior to the 2003 WTO ministerial meeting, a uniform 36% reduction of each tariff, an harmonization ( "Swiss" ) formula based on the initial US proposal.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy.

Volume (Year): 4 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 1-35

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:topics.4:y:2004:i:1:n:8

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  1. Lloyd, P J, 1975. "Substitution Effects and Biases in Nontrue Price Indices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 65(3), pages 301-13, June.
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  7. Bach, Christian F. & Martin, Will, 2001. "Would the right tariff aggregator for policy analysis please stand up?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 621-635, August.
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  10. Hugh M. Arce & Kenneth A. Reinert, 1994. "Aggregation and the Welfare Analysis of US Tariffs," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 21(6), pages 26-30, October.
  11. Beghin, John C. & Bureau, Jean-Christophe, 2005. "Quantitative Policy Analysis of Sanitary, Phytosanitary and Technical Barriers to Trade," Staff General Research Papers 12740, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  12. Patrick A. Messerlin, 2001. "Measuring the Costs of Protection in Europe: European Commercial Policy in the 2000s," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 102, July.
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Cited by:
  1. Jean-Christophe Bureau & Luca Salvatici, 2001. "Agricultural Trade Restrictiveness in the European Union and the United States," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University 01-wp277, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
  2. Brockmeier, Martina & Pelikan, Janine, 2006. "Agricultural Market Access: A Moving Target in the WTO Negotiations?," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia, International Association of Agricultural Economists 25428, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Alessandro Olper & Valentina Raimondi, 2007. "Market access asymmetry in food trade," LICOS Discussion Papers, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven 18707, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
  4. Martina Brockmeier & Janine Pelikan, 2006. "A Portfolio Theory of International Capital Flows," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series, IIIS iiisdp125, IIIS.
  5. Listorti, Giulia & Tonini, Axel & Kempen, Makus & Adenauer, Marcel, 2013. "How to Implement WTO Scenarios in Simulation Models: Linking the TRIMAG Tariff Aggregation Tool to Capri," 135th Seminar, August 28-30, 2013, Belgrade, Serbia, European Association of Agricultural Economists 160388, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  6. Rod Tyers, 2004. "Implicit Policy Preferences and Trade Reform by Tariff Aggregates," ANU Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics 2004-445, Australian National University, College of Business and Economics, School of Economics.
  7. Alessandro Antimiani & Piero Conforti & Luca Salvatici, 2008. "Measuring Restrictiveness of Bilateral Trade Policies: A Comparison between Developed and Developing Countries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 144(2), pages 207-224, July.
  8. Brockmeier, Martina & Pelikan, Janine, 2008. "Agricultural market access: A moving target in the WTO negotiations?," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 250-259, June.
  9. Salvatici, Luca & Cipollina, Maria, 2006. "Measuring Protection: Mission Impossible?," Working Papers, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements 18876, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements.

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