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Are real GDP levels nonstationary across Central and Eastern European countries?

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Author Info

  • Pei-Long Shen

    ()
    (Shanxi University of Finance and Economics)

  • Chih-Wei Su

    ()
    (Shanxi University of Finance and Economics)

  • Hsu-Ling Chang

    ()
    (Ling Tung University)

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    Abstract

    This study applies the Sequential Panel Selection Method (SPSM) proposed by Chortareas and Kapetanios (2009) to investigate and assess the non-stationary properties of whether real GDP follows a trend stationary or a difference stationary process for Central Eastern European (CEE) countries. SPSM can classify the whole panel into a group of stationary series and a group of non-stationary series. We clearly identify how many and which series in the panel are stationary processes and provide robust evidence clearly indicating that per capita real GDP for CEE countries holds stationary for three countries. Our findings point out their per capita real GDP convergence is a mean reversion towards equilibrium values in a non-linear way. Our results have important policy implications for macroeconomic policy, modeling, testing and forecasting for these CEE countries under study.

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    File URL: http://biceps.org/assets/docs/bje/bje2013_no1/Article_PLS_CWS_HLC
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies in its journal Baltic Journal of Economics.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 1 (July)
    Pages: 99-108

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    Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:13:y:2013:i:1:p:99-108

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    Related research

    Keywords: Per Capita Real GDP; Sequential Panel Selection Method; Fourier Function; Structural Change;

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    References

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    1. Perron, Pierre, 1997. "Further evidence on breaking trend functions in macroeconomic variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 355-385, October.
    2. David E. Rapach, 2002. "Are Real GDP Levels Nonstationary? Evidence from Panel Data Tests," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 68(3), pages 473-495, January.
    3. Georgios Chortareas & George Kapetanios, 2008. "Getting PPP Right: Identifying Mean-Reverting Real Exchange Rates in Panels," Working Papers 629, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
    4. Pascalau, Razvan, 2008. "Unit Roots Tests with Smooth Breaks: An Application to the Nelson-Plosser Data Set," MPRA Paper 7220, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    7. Kapetanios, George & Shin, Yongcheol & Snell, Andy, 2003. "Testing for a unit root in the nonlinear STAR framework," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(2), pages 359-379, February.
    8. Dimitris K. Christopoulos & Miguel A. León-Ledesma, 2010. "Revisiting The Real Wages-Unemployment Relationship. New Results From Non-Linear Models," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(1), pages 79-96, 01.
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    12. Walter Enders & Junsoo Lee, 2012. "A Unit Root Test Using a Fourier Series to Approximate Smooth Breaks," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 74(4), pages 574-599, 08.
    13. Ralf Becker & Walter Enders & Junsoo Lee, 2006. "A Stationarity Test in the Presence of an Unknown Number of Smooth Breaks," Journal of Time Series Analysis, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 381-409, 05.
    14. Vougas, Dimitrios V., 2007. "Is the trend in post-WW II US real GDP uncertain or non-linear?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 94(3), pages 348-355, March.
    15. Tsangyao Chang & Ching-Chun Wei & Chien-Chung Nieh, 2005. "Is Per Capita Real GDP Stationary? Evidence from Selected African Countries Based on More Powerful Nonlinear (Logistic) Unit Root Tests," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 3(24), pages 1-9.
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