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The Purchasing Power Parity Debate

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  • Alan M. Taylor
  • Mark Taylor

    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)

Abstract

Originally propounded by the sixteenth-century scholars of the University of Salamanca, the conceptof purchasing power parity (PPP) was revived in the interwar period in the context of the debateconcerning the appropriate level at which to re-establish international exchange rate parities.Broadly accepted as a long-run equilibrium condition in the post-war period, it first was advocatedas a short-run equilibrium by many international economists in the first few years following thebreakdown of the Bretton Woods system in the early 1970s and then increasingly came under attackon both theoretical and empirical grounds from the late 1970s to the mid 1990s. Accordingly, overthe last three decades, a large literature has built up that examines how much the data deviated fromtheory, and the fruits of this research have provided a deeper understanding of how well PPP appliesin both the short run and the long run. Since the mid 1990s, larger datasets and nonlineareconometric methods, in particular, have improved estimation. As deviations narrowed between realexchange rates and PPP, so did the gap narrow between theory and data, and some degree ofconfidence in long-run PPP began to emerge again. In this respect, the idea of long-run PPP nowenjoys perhaps its strongest support in more than thirty years, a distinct reversion in economic thought.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California, Davis, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 46.

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Length: 35
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cda:wpaper:04-6

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Keywords: power; parity;

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References

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  1. Kenneth Rogoff, 1996. "The Purchasing Power Parity Puzzle," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(2), pages 647-668, June.
  2. Philip R. Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2001. "External Wealth, the Trade Balance, and the Real Exchange Rate," CEG Working Papers 200113, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  3. Jeffrey A. Frankel and Andrew K. Rose., 1995. "A Panel Project on Purchasing Power Parity: Mean Reversion Within and Between Countries," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C95-052, University of California at Berkeley.
  4. Cheung, Yin-Wong & Chinn, Menzie & Fujii, Eiji, 2001. "Market Structure and the Persistence of Sectoral Real Exchange Rates," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 6(2), pages 95-114, April.
  5. Maurice Obstfeld & Alan M. Taylor, 1997. "Nonlinear Aspects of Goods-Market Arbitrage and Adjustment: Heckscher's Commodity Points Revisited," NBER Working Papers 6053, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Charles Engel, 1999. "Accounting for U.S. Real Exchange Rate Changes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(3), pages 507-538, June.
  7. Lutz Kilian & Mark P. Taylor, 2001. "Why is it so difficult to beat the Random Walk Forecast of Exchange Rates?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 01-031/4, Tinbergen Institute.
  8. Engel, C., 1996. "Long-Run PPP May Not Hold After All," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 96-05, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
  9. Flood, Robert P & Rose, Andrew K, 1993. "Fixing Exchange Rates: A Virtual Quest for Fundamentals," CEPR Discussion Papers 838, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Glen, Jack D., 1992. "Real exchange rates in the short, medium, and long run," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-2), pages 147-166, August.
  11. Taylor, Mark P & Peel, David A & Sarno, Lucio, 2001. "Nonlinear Mean-Reversion in Real Exchange Rates: Toward a Solution to the Purchasing Power Parity Puzzles," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 42(4), pages 1015-42, November.
  12. Bergin, Paul R. & Feenstra, Robert C., 2001. "Pricing-to-market, staggered contracts, and real exchange rate persistence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 333-359, August.
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  14. Bela Balassa, 1964. "The Purchasing-Power Parity Doctrine: A Reappraisal," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72, pages 584.
  15. Chinn, M.D., 1997. "The Usual Suspects? Productivity and Demand Shocks and Asia-Pacific Real Exchange Rates," Papers 97-06, Economisch Institut voor het Midden en Kleinbedrijf-.
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  17. Sarno, Lucio & Taylor, Mark P, 1997. "The Behaviour of Real Exchange Rates During the Post-Bretton Woods Period," CEPR Discussion Papers 1730, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  19. repec:fth:calaec:18-90 is not listed on IDEAS
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  32. Taylor, Mark P. & McMahon, Patrick C., 1988. "Long-run purchasing power parity in the 1920s," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 179-197, January.
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