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Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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  • Isaac Kalonda-Kanyama

    ()
    (University of Kansas; Universite de Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Abstract

This paper estimates the effect of sexual violence and economic vulnerability on HIV prevalence rates in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. We find that HIV prevalence rates are higher in conflict-affected regions than in non-conflict regions, and that sexual violence and economic vulnerability significantly affect HIV prevalence rates. The combined effect of civil war and sexual violence is positive and strongly significant. However, conflict-related economic vulnerability does not explain HIV infections.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by African Finance and Economic Association in its journal Journal of African Development.

Volume (Year): 12 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 47-60

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Handle: RePEc:afe:journl:v:12:y:2010:i:2:p:47-60

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Web page: http://afea.info/journal-of-african-development.html
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Keywords: civil war; sexual violence; HIV; Democratic Republic of the Congo; DRC; economics;

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  1. Simon Gregson & Heather Waddell & Stephen Chandiwana, 2001. "School education and HIV control in sub-Saharan Africa: from discord to harmony?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 467-485.
  2. Jane Fortson, 2008. "The gradient in sub-saharan Africa: Socioeconomic status and HIV/AIDS," Demography, Springer, vol. 45(2), pages 303-322, May.
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