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Homo Oeconomicus Versus Homo Reciprocans: Ans�tze f�r ein Neues Wirtschaftspolitisches Leitbild?

Author

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  • Armin Falk

Abstract

Politik und �ffentliches Bewusstsein werden zunehmend durch �konomische Theorien und Handlungsvorschl�ge mitbestimmt. Kaum ein anderes erkenntnis- und handlungsleitendes Modell hat daher einen vergleichbaren Einfluss wie das Konzept des Homo Oeconomicus. Durch die Entwicklung experimenteller Methoden ist es m�glich, die Annahmen dieses Konzepts unter kontrollierten Laborbedingungen mit dem tats�chlichen Handeln von Individuen zu vergleichen. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden zun�chst verschiedene Experimentalstudien diskutiert, die eindeutig belegen, da� der Homo Oeconomicus weitaus weniger universell ist, als gemeinhin angenommen. Die Mehrheit der Experimentalteilnehmer verh�lt sich reziprok, d.h. sie belohnt faires Verhalten und bestraft unfaires Verhalten, selbst wenn dies mit Kosten verbunden ist. Der Nachweis reziproken Verhaltens hat weitreichende Konsequenzen f�r die �konomische Politikberatung

Suggested Citation

  • Armin Falk, "undated". "Homo Oeconomicus Versus Homo Reciprocans: Ans�tze f�r ein Neues Wirtschaftspolitisches Leitbild?," IEW - Working Papers 079, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:079
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uzh.ch/static/wp_iew/iewwp079.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Anmerkungen zur Wachstumsdebatte: Jenseits des Green New Deal
      by Silke Helfrich in CommonsBlog on 2010-06-29 02:24:11
    2. Homo oeconomicus ist out! Homo reciprocans ist in!
      by Silke Helfrich in CommonsBlog on 2009-12-01 02:38:19

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fairness; Reziprozit�t; Wirtschaftspolitik; Steuermoral; �ffentliche G�ter; Kriminalit�t; Sozialpolitik;

    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • K0 - Law and Economics - - General
    • C7 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory
    • C9 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments

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    1. Liste der Homo-Epitheta in Wikipedia German ne '')

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