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Ökonomische Aspekte der privaten Durchsetzung des Kartellrechts

Listed author(s):
  • Beschorner, Patrick Frank Ernst
  • Hüschelrath, Kai

Bei Verstößen gegen geltendes Wettbewerbsrecht entstehen typischerweise Schäden durch überhöhte Preise und entgangenen Gewinn bei nachgelagerten Wirtschaftsstufen. Hierfür besteht ein gesetzlicher Schadensersatzanspruch. Auf europäischer Ebene wird derzeit ein Rechtsrahmen diskutiert, mit dem eine einheitliche Behandlung in den Mitgliedsstaaten gewährleistet werden soll. Die Möglichkeit der privaten Durchsetzung des Kartellrechts hat zwei Effekte: Anreize ein Kartell einzugehen und Anreize innerhalb eines bestehenden Kartells. Betroffene Unternehmen haben einen stärkeren Anreiz ein Kartell aufzudecken, dem sie ausgesetzt sind. Dies reduziert die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass sich Kartelle bilden. Bei bestehenden Kartellen kann die Anwendung der Kronzeugenregelung weniger attraktiv werden, wenn ein Unternehmen zwar ein Bußgeld vermeidet, sich aber Schadensersatzansprüchen aussetzt. Daher ist dies in der Ausgestaltung der Haftungsregelung gegen den Kronzeugen zu berücksichtigen.

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 09-075.

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Date of creation: 2009
Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:09075
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  1. Joseph E. Harrington, 2004. "Post-Cartel Pricing During Litigation," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(4), pages 517-533, December.
  2. Frank Verboven & Theon Van Dijk, 2007. "Cartel damages claims and the passing-on defense," Working Papers Department of Economics ces0715, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
  3. Martin Hellwig, 2006. "Private Damage Claims and the Passing-On Defense in Horizontal Price-Fixing Cases: An Economist’s Perspective," Discussion Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods 2006_22, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.
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