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Does the hazard rate for new plants vary between low- and high-tech industries?

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  • Mahmood, Talat

Abstract

Based on a longitudinal data base the hazard rate of over 12,000 newly established plants in U.S. manufacturing industry in 1976 are estimated and then compared between low and high-tech industries. It is found that the hazard rate differs across industries, and it also varies between low- and high-tech industries. The hazard rate in low-tech industries is reduced in the presence of scale economies, whereas the exposure to risk tends to be higher in high-tech industries. The influence of start-up size in reducing the hazard rate is apparently similar between low and high-tech industries, but its role is found to be more important in the high-technological industries. Market growth and R&D intensity exert no influence on the hazard rate in either the low- or high-tech industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahmood, Talat, 1991. "Does the hazard rate for new plants vary between low- and high-tech industries?," Discussion Papers, various Research Units FS IV 91-28, WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzbdiv:fsiv9128
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Evans, David S, 1987. "The Relationship between Firm Growth, Size, and Age: Estimates for 100 Manufacturing Industries," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(4), pages 567-581, June.
    2. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1988. "Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 678-690, September.
    3. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-679, June.
    4. Winter, Sidney G., 1984. "Schumpeterian competition in alternative technological regimes," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(3-4), pages 287-320.
    5. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1982. "Selection and the Evolution of Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(3), pages 649-670, May.
    6. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1987. "Innovation, Market Structure, and Firm Size," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(4), pages 567-574, November.
    7. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1989. "Small-Firm Entry in U.S. Manufacturing," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 56(222), pages 255-265, May.
    8. Hall, Bronwyn H, 1987. "The Relationship between Firm Size and Firm Growth in the U.S. Manufacturing Sector," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(4), pages 583-606, June.
    9. Timothy Dunne & Mark J. Roberts & Larry Samuelson, 1989. "The Growth and Failure of U. S. Manufacturing Plants," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 104(4), pages 671-698.
    10. Zoltan Acs & David Audretsch, 1990. "Innovation and Small Firms," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262011131, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nerlinger, Eric A. & Berger, Georg, 1995. "Technologieorientierte Industrien und Unternehmen: Alternative Definitionen," ZEW Discussion Papers 95-20, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.

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