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Vita consumenda oder Vita activa? Edmund Phelps und die moralische Qualität der Marktwirtschaft

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  • Hielscher, Stefan

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag interpretiert Edmund Phelps – insbesondere in seinem Spätwerk – als einen wichtigen Impulsgeber der Wirtschaftsethik. Die These lautet, dass sich für Phelps die moralische Qualität der Marktwirtschaft nicht in erster Linie daran bemisst, dass sie den Mitgliedern der Gesellschaft als Konsumenten ein historisch gesehen ungeahnt hohes Wohlstandsniveau sichert und ihnen somit – im Sinne einer vita consumenda – gleichsam ein Leben in Reichtum ermöglicht. Vielmehr zeigt der Beitrag, dass Phelps‘ zufolge die Mitglieder der Gesellschaft von einer dynamischen Marktwirtschaft in allererster Linie als Produzenten profitieren, weil sie ihr Leben – im Sinne einer vita activa – in Freiheit gestalten und damit ihre kreativen Fähigkeiten und ihre persönlichen Talente bestmöglich entwickeln können. Auf diese Weise trägt ein dynamischer Kapitalismus wesentlich dazu bei, das bis auf die Antike zurückgehende Ideal persönlicher Selbstvervollkommnung zu erreichen.

Suggested Citation

  • Hielscher, Stefan, 2011. "Vita consumenda oder Vita activa? Edmund Phelps und die moralische Qualität der Marktwirtschaft," Discussion Papers 2011-21, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Chair of Economic Ethics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:mlucee:201121
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Phelps Edmund S., 2009. "Refounding Capitalism," Capitalism and Society, De Gruyter, vol. 4(3), pages 1-12, December.
    2. Edmund S. Phelps, 1973. "Taxation of Wage Income for Economic Justice," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(3), pages 331-354.
    3. Edmund Phelps & Gylfi Zoega, 2009. "Entrepreneurship, Culture and Openness," Chapters,in: Entrepreneurship and Openness, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Phelps Edmund S., 2006. "Understanding the Great Changes in the World: Gaining Ground and Losing Ground since World War II," Capitalism and Society, De Gruyter, vol. 1(2), pages 1-25, September.
    5. Edmund S. Phelps, 1968. "Money-Wage Dynamics and Labor-Market Equilibrium," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 76, pages 678-678.
    6. Edmund S. Phelps, 1968. "Population Increase," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 1(3), pages 497-518, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Marktwirtschaft; Wirtschaftsethik; Unternehmensethik; Ordonomik; Market Economy; Economic Ethics; Business Ethics; Ordonomics;

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility

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