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Ressourceninput und der Input ökologischer Leistungen in der Kapitaltheorie


  • Döring, Ralf


In der Kapitaltheorie gibt es seit den Klassikern zwei große Strömungen. Die eine, u.a. von Smith, Ricardo und Mill vertreten, geht davon aus, dass es sich bei Kapital um physische Objekte handelt, die durch Material- und Arbeitseinsatz hergestellt werden. Die zweite Strömung ist die so genannte 'American School', die Kapital als einen Pool monetär bewerteter Objektesieht. Einige ihrer prominentesten Vertreter sind Fisher und Solow. Als Konsequenz einer schwierigen bis unmöglichen monetären Bewertung ökologischer Leistungen und langfristiger Knappheiten von Ressourcen führt die Kapitaldefinition der 'American School' nahezu zwangsläufig zu einer Unterbewertung des Ressourceninputs und des Inputs ökologischer Leistungen für die Produktion. Dies könnte zur Konsequenz haben, dass zu wenig in Substitute für zurückgehende Ressourcenbestände investiert würde. Die Theorie der Fonds, als Konzept der Ökologischen Ökonomie, wird als Gegenmodell zum Zwang der ökonomischen Bewertung in der Kapitaltheorie vorgestellt.

Suggested Citation

  • Döring, Ralf, 2006. "Ressourceninput und der Input ökologischer Leistungen in der Kapitaltheorie," Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Diskussionspapiere 06/2006, University of Greifswald, Faculty of Law and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:grewdp:062006

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