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Health Economics of Genetic Distance

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  • Jelnov, Pavel

Abstract

In this note, I address the trade-off between children’s health and parental preference toward similarity with children. In my model, better-off individuals mate genetically close partners and then use wealth to treat their children’s health problems, caused by inbreeding depression. As a result, the relationship between parental wealth and children’s health includes decreasing portions. Siblings health inequality is also nonmonotonically related to parental wealth, if parents discriminate in favor of more similar children.

Suggested Citation

  • Jelnov, Pavel, 2020. "Health Economics of Genetic Distance," GLO Discussion Paper Series 619, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:619
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Becker, Gary S, 1973. "A Theory of Marriage: Part I," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(4), pages 813-846, July-Aug..
    2. Gonzalo Alvarez & Francisco C Ceballos & Celsa Quinteiro, 2009. "The Role of Inbreeding in the Extinction of a European Royal Dynasty," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 4(4), pages 1-7, April.
    3. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "A Theory of Marriage," NBER Chapters, in: Economics of the Family: Marriage, Children, and Human Capital, pages 299-351, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inbreeding; genetic distance; health inequality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative

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