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Mehr Markt im Hochschulbereich: Zur Effizienz und Gerechtigkeit von Studiengebühren

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  • Schmidtchen, Dieter
  • Kirstein, Roland

Abstract

Ein Universitätssystem verfolgt zwei Ziele: Effizienz und Gerechtigkeit. Effizienz verlangt nach Studiengebühren, die das Netto-Gemeinwohl maximieren. Diese Gemeinwohlvorteile haben zwei Ausprägungen: Wertschöpfungsvorteile und allgemeine gesellschaftliche Vorteile (Kultur- und Sozialisationsnutzen). Gerechtigkeit verlangt nach Chancengleichheit beim Hochschulzugang. Man kann vermuten, daß ein freier Markt im Hochschulbereich beide Ziele nicht verwirklicht. Deshalb ist eine staatliche Subventionierung von Universitäten notwendig. Der Artikel zeigt, daß sich das Effizienz- und das Gerechtigkeitsziel verwirklichen lassen, wenn Studiengebühren eingeführt werden. Der Staat muß aber die Möglichkeit einer Darlehensfinanzierung (unabhängig von der Einkommens- und Vermögenslage der Studenten oder der Eltern) garantieren, wenn der Kapitalmarkt versagen sollte.

Suggested Citation

  • Schmidtchen, Dieter & Kirstein, Roland, 2005. "Mehr Markt im Hochschulbereich: Zur Effizienz und Gerechtigkeit von Studiengebühren," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2005-05, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:csledp:200505
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mause Karsten, 2008. "Ist Bildung eine Ware? Ein Klärungsversuch / Is Education a Market Good? An Attempt to Clarify," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 59(1), pages 363-380, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Studienkredite; Umverteilungswirkung; Anreize;

    JEL classification:

    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • H81 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Governmental Loans; Loan Guarantees; Credits; Grants; Bailouts
    • N34 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: 1913-

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