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Seasonality, capital inflexibility, and the industrialization of animal production


  • Roosen, Jutta
  • Hennessy, David A.


Among prominent recognized features of the industrialization of animal production over the past half century are growth in the stock of inflexible, or use-dedicated capital, as an input in production, and growth in productivity. Less recognized is a trend toward aseasonal production. We record the deseasonalization of animal production in the US and European countries over the past 70 years. We also suggest that A) lower seasonality can precede or Granger-cause increased productivity due to increased capital intensity, and B) productivity improvements can Granger-cause lower seasonality. Process A) should be more likely earlier in the industrialization process. For US dairy production, our empirical tests find some evidence that process A) operated early in the 20th Century while process B) operated in more recent times.

Suggested Citation

  • Roosen, Jutta & Hennessy, David A., 2004. "Seasonality, capital inflexibility, and the industrialization of animal production," FE Working Papers 0401, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Food Economics and Consumption Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:caufew:0401

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    1. Chen, Been-Lon & Shimomura, Koji, 1998. "Self-Fulfilling Expectations and Economic Growth: A Model of Technology Adoption and Industrialization," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(1), pages 151-170, February.
    2. Oya S. Erdogdu & David Hennessy, 2003. "Industralization of Animal Agriculture," Microeconomics 0309005, EconWPA.
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