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Does Education Reduce Blood Pressure? Estimating the Biomarker Effect of Compulsory Schooling in England

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  • Nattavudh Powdthavee

Abstract

This paper is the first of its kind to estimate the exogenous effect of schooling on reduced blood pressure and the incidence of hypertension. Using the changes of the minimum school-leaving age in the United Kingdom from age 14 to 15 in 1947, and from age 15 to 16 in 1973, as instruments, the IV-probit estimates imply that completing an extra year of schooling reduces the probability of developing subsequent hypertension by approximately 5%-11% points. The correct estimates of the LATE for schooling indicate the presence of a large and negative bias in the least square/probit estimates of schooling-health relationship.

Suggested Citation

  • Nattavudh Powdthavee, "undated". "Does Education Reduce Blood Pressure? Estimating the Biomarker Effect of Compulsory Schooling in England," Discussion Papers 09/14, Department of Economics, University of York.
  • Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:09/14
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    File URL: https://www.york.ac.uk/media/economics/documents/discussionpapers/2009/0914.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Philip Oreopoulos & Kjell G. Salvanes, 2011. "Priceless: The Nonpecuniary Benefits of Schooling," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 25(1), pages 159-184, Winter.
    2. Amin, Vikesh & Behrman, Jere R. & Spector, Tim D., 2013. "Does more schooling improve health outcomes and health related behaviors? Evidence from U.K. twins," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 134-148.
    3. Edna Maria Villarreal Peralta, 2011. "Rendimientos sociales de la educación en México 2005-2010," Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación volume 6,in: Antonio Caparrós Ruiz (ed.), Investigaciones de Economía de la Educación 6, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 55, pages 898-916 Asociación de Economía de la Educación.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    blood pressure; compulsory schooling; biomarker; IV; hypertension; health;

    JEL classification:

    • H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education

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