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Liquidity, stock returns and ownership structure: an empirical study of the BSE

  • Venkat Eleswarapu
  • Chandrasekar Krishnamurti

We study the problem of illiquidity that afflicts the stocks listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (B.S.E.). Trading on a regular basis is concentrated in only a few of the listed stocks. We examine this issue by empirically looking at the characteristics of firms leading to differential levels of trading frequency and also, the resultant effect on average returns. Based on the study of a random sample of 250 firms over the five year period - 1989 to 1993, we find evidence in favor of a liquidity premium for stocks on the B.S.E. Also, we find trading frequency is positively related to number of shareholders and shares outstanding. In addition, the ownership structure seems to matter, with concentration in the hands of insiders and government bodies having a deleterious effect on liquidity.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Finance with number 9507005.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 12 Jul 1995
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:9507005
Note: Postscript, pages: 21. Also available as:
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://128.118.178.162

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  1. Amihud, Yakov & Mendelson, Haim, 1986. "Asset pricing and the bid-ask spread," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 223-249, December.
  2. Lippman, Steven A & McCall, John J, 1986. "An Operational Measure of Liquidity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 43-55, March.
  3. Benston, George J. & Hagerman, Robert L., 1974. "Determinants of bid-asked spreads in the over-the-counter market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(4), pages 353-364, December.
  4. Bhide, Amar, 1993. "The hidden costs of stock market liquidity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 31-51, August.
  5. Eleswarapu, Venkat R. & Reinganum, Marc R., 1993. "The seasonal behavior of the liquidity premium in asset pricing," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 373-386, December.
  6. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1992. " The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 47(2), pages 427-65, June.
  7. Holmstrom, Bengt & Tirole, Jean, 1993. "Market Liquidity and Performance Monitoring," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(4), pages 678-709, August.
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