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Labor Market Trends and Institutions in Belarus

Author

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  • Zuzana Brixiova
  • Vera Volchok

Abstract

In most countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, the transition to market led to the emergence of a private sector and open unemployment. The Belarusian labor market is characterized by low official unemployment, combined with a low share of the private sector in the aggregate employment. However, the cumulative fall in employment since 1990 has been similar to other transition economies, leading to a sharp reduction of labor force, and the youth unemployment remains high. The mismatch in skills between the unemployed and the vacancies and the geographical mismatch suggest that policies aimed at improving skills and increasing mobility are needed. At the same time, the low vacancy-unemployment ratio calls for policies aimed at encouraging private job creation. An immediate policy concern for the government is to launch a labor market reform that would balance providing adequate protection for workers with the need to design the incentives for the unemployed workers to search for new jobs.

Suggested Citation

  • Zuzana Brixiova & Vera Volchok, 2005. "Labor Market Trends and Institutions in Belarus," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp777, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2005-777
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    File URL: http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/40163/3/wp777.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Viliam Druska & Byeong ju Jeong & Michal Kejak & Viatcheslav Vinogradov, 2002. "Assessing the Problem of Human Capital Mismatch in Transition Economies," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 467, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    2. Ms. Zuzana Brixiova & Wenli Li & Tarik Yousef, 1999. "Skill Acquisition and Firm Creation in Transition Economies," IMF Working Papers 1999/130, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Aliaksandr Amialchuk & Maksim Yemelyanau & Katerina Lisenkova & Mykhaylo Salnykov, 2011. "Economic Determinants of Fertility in Belarus: a Micro-Data Analysis," BEROC Working Paper Series 13, Belarusian Economic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    labor markets; institutions; transition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • P23 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Factor and Product Markets; Industry Studies; Population

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