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Poverty and income seasonality in Bangladesh

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  • Khandker, Shahidur R.

Abstract

Seasonal poverty in Bangladesh, locally known as monga, refers to seasonal deprivation of food during the pre-harvest season of Aman rice. An analysis of household income and expenditure survey data shows that average household income and consumption are much lower during monga season than in other seasons, and that seasonal income greatly influences seasonal consumption. However, lack of income and consumption smoothing is more acute in greater Rangpur, the North West region, than in other regions, causing widespread seasonal deprivation. The analysis shows that agricultural income diversification accompanied by better access to micro-credit, irrigation, education, electrification, social safety net programs, and dynamic labor markets has helped reduce seasonality in income and poverty in regions other than Rangpur in the recent past. Hence, government policies should promote income diversification through infrastructure investments and provide income transfers to the targeted poor to contain income seasonality and poverty in this impoverished part of Bangladesh.

Suggested Citation

  • Khandker, Shahidur R., 2009. "Poverty and income seasonality in Bangladesh," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4923, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4923
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Khandker, Shahidur R., 2012. "Seasonality of income and poverty in Bangladesh," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 244-256.
    2. Pienkowski, Thomas & Williams, Sophie & McLaren, Kurt & Wilson, Byron & Hockley, Neal, 2015. "Alien invasions and livelihoods: Economic benefits of invasive Australian Red Claw crayfish in Jamaica," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 68-77.
    3. Neela Mukherjee, 2010. "New Agriculture Technology, Skill Formation, Food Security and Poverty Reduction in Rural Asia: A Comparison of Three Projects from India, China and Bangladesh," Working Papers id:3098, eSocialSciences.
    4. Gangopadhyay, Partha & Shankar, Sriram & Rahman, Mustafa A., 2014. "Working poverty, social exclusion and destitution: An empirical study," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 241-250.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rural Poverty Reduction; Safety Nets and Transfers; Economic Theory&Research; Inequality;

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