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Creative accounting: Nature, incidence and ethical issues




This paper explores the nature and incidence of creative accounting practices within the context of ethical considerations.It explores several definitions of creative accounting and the potential and the range of reasons for a company's directors to engage in creative accounting. Later the paper considers the various ways in which creative accounting can be undertaken and summarizes some empirical research on the nature and incidence of creative accounting. The ethical dimension of creative accounting is discussed, drawing evidence from several empirical studies. The paper concludes with the analysis of possible solutions for the creative accounting problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Oriol Amat & Catherine Gowthorpe, 2004. "Creative accounting: Nature, incidence and ethical issues," Economics Working Papers 749, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:749

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    2. repec:bla:joares:v:6:y:1968:i::p:101-116 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Merchant, Kenneth A., 1990. "The effects of financial controls on data manipulation and management Myopia," Accounting, Organizations and Society, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 297-313.
    4. repec:bla:joares:v:8:y:1970:i:2:p:253-259 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Healy, Paul M., 1985. "The effect of bonus schemes on accounting decisions," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1-3), pages 85-107, April.
    6. Merchant, Kenneth A. & Rockness, Joanne, 1994. "The ethics of managing earnings: An empirical investigation," Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 79-94.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ahmad Bukola UTHMAN & Zayyad Abdul-BAKI, 2014. "The value-relevance of accounting information in Nigeria: analysts’ perception in the IFRS regime," The Journal of Accounting and Management, Danubius University of Galati, issue 1, pages 43-60, April.
    2. repec:ovi:oviste:v:xvii:y:2017:i:1:p:451-455 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Fizza Tassadaq & Qaisar Ali Malik, 2015. "Creative Accounting and Financial Reporting: Model Development and Empirical Testing," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 544-551.

    More about this item


    Accounting ethics; creative accounting; earnings management; financial reporting;

    JEL classification:

    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting

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