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Asymmetric effects of monetary policy in the US: Positive vs. negative or big vs. small?

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  • Morten O. Ravn
  • Martín Solà

Abstract

This paper reconsiders the empirical evidence on the asymmetric output effects of monetary policy. Asymmetric effects is a common feature of many theoretical models, and there are many different versions of such asymmetries. We concentrate on the distinctions between positive and negative money-supply changes, big and small changes in money-supply, and possible combinations of the two asymmetries. Earlier research has found empirical evidence in favor of the former of these in US data. Using M1 as the monetary variable we find evidence in favor of neutrality of big shocks and non-neutrality of small shocks. The results may, however, be affected by structual instability of M1 demand. Thus, we substitute M1 with the federal funds rate. In these data we find that only small negative shocks affect real aggregate activity. The results are interpreted in terms of menu-cost models.

Suggested Citation

  • Morten O. Ravn & Martín Solà, 1997. "Asymmetric effects of monetary policy in the US: Positive vs. negative or big vs. small?," Economics Working Papers 247, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Dec 1997.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:247
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan J. Dolado & Ramón María-Dolores, 2001. "An empirical study of the cyclical effects of monetary policy in Spain (1977-1997)," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(1), pages 3-30, January.
    2. Randall E. Parker & Philip Rothman, 2004. "An Examination of the Asymmetric Effects of Money Supply Shocks in the Pre--World War I and Interwar Periods," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 42(1), pages 88-100, January.
    3. Hess, Martin K., 2004. "Dynamic and asymmetric impacts of macroeconomic fundamentals on an integrated stock market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 14(5), pages 455-471, December.
    4. Ioannis Pragidis & Periklis Gogas & Benjamin Miranda Tabak, 2013. "Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy in the U.S. and Brazil," Working Papers Series 340, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    5. Claus Thustrup Kreiner, 2002. "Do the New Keynesian Microfoundations Rationalise Stabilisation Policy?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(479), pages 384-401, April.
    6. Ramón María-Dolores, 2001. "Asimetrías en los efectos de la política monetaria en España (1977-1996)," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 25(2), pages 391-415, May.
    7. Annette Detken, 2002. "Nonlinearities in Swiss macroeconomic data," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 138(I), pages 39-60, March.
    8. Sensier, Marianne & Osborn, Denise R & Ocal, Nadir, 2002. " Asymmetric Interest Rate Effects for the UK Real Economy," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, pages 315-339.
    9. Dolado, Juan J & Maria-Dolores, Ramon, 2002. " Evaluating Changes in the Bank of Spain's Interest Rate Target: An Alternative Approach Using Marked Point Processes," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 64(2), pages 159-182, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; asymmetric effects; menu costs;

    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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