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Le « paradoxe » de Sikasso (Mali) : pourquoi « produire plus » ne suffit-il pas pour bien nourrir les enfants des familles d’agriculteurs ?

Author

Listed:
  • Dury, S.
  • Bocoum, I.

Abstract

Reducing poverty and increasing food production are usual recommandations for improving food and nutrition security. Yet linkages between poverty, agricultural production and food security are complexe and slightly clarified. The Sikasso Region in Mali shows a paradoxical situation where an important agricultural production is concomitant with a widespread children malnutrition. The comparison of this region with the other Malian regions allows to capture the specific causes of the children bad nutritional indicators. Children stunting, which is the highest in this region, is linked to a less diversified food consumption and probably to a lack of care, as a result of an overload of agricultural labor. ...French Abstract : Réduire la pauvreté et améliorer la production alimentaire sont des recommandations usuelles pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle. Mais les relations entre pauvreté, production agricole et sécurité alimentaire sont complexes et peu explicitées. La région de Sikasso au Mali illustre une situation paradoxale où la production agricole importante est concomitante à une malnutrition infantile étendue. La comparaison de cette région aux autres régions maliennes permet de cerner les déterminants spécifiques des mauvais indicateurs nutritionnels observés chez les enfants. Leur retard de croissance, qui est plus important dans cette région, est lié à une alimentation moins diversifiée et probablement à un manque de soins, conséquence d’une surcharge de travail agricole.

Suggested Citation

  • Dury, S. & Bocoum, I., 2012. "Le « paradoxe » de Sikasso (Mali) : pourquoi « produire plus » ne suffit-il pas pour bien nourrir les enfants des familles d’agriculteurs ?," Working Papers MOISA 201206, UMR MOISA : Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs : CIHEAM-IAMM, CIRAD, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro - Montpellier, France.
  • Handle: RePEc:umr:wpaper:201206
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    Keywords

    UNDERFEEDING; POVERTY; AGRICULTURE; HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY; HEALTH CARE;

    JEL classification:

    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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