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Dinámica de la Pobreza y Movilidad Relativa de los ingresos: Chile 1996 - 2001


  • Dante Contreras
  • Ryan Cooper
  • Jorge Hermann
  • Christopher Neilson


Este artículo analiza la dinámica de la pobreza y movilidad relativa en Chile. Utilizando datos de panel extraídos de la encuesta de Caracterización Socioeconómica Nacional (CASEN) de los años 1996 y 2001, se examina los movimientos en el ingreso per capita y la probabilidad de entrada y salida de la pobreza. Se caracteriza de esta forma a los grupos vulnerables y se realizan aproximaciones a los determinantes de estos movimientos. Los resultados muestran que existe una alta movilidad posicional en los primeros nueve deciles de la distribución de ingresos, lo que se traduce en que una gran parte de la población es vulnerable de caer en la pobreza. En otras palabras, a pesar del sostenido crecimiento y reducción en pobreza, Chile sigue siendo un país con alta vulnerabilidad para gran parte de su población. La evidencia también muestra que los hogares correspondientes al 40% más pobre no cuentan con las herramientas para asimilar un problema de salud que afecte al jefe de hogar, disminuyendo la probabilidad de salir de la pobreza y la cantidad de su ingreso esperado. Este resultado no se observa para hogares más ricos. Por último, la evidencia indica a la educación técnica como una importante herramienta para superar la pobreza.

Suggested Citation

  • Dante Contreras & Ryan Cooper & Jorge Hermann & Christopher Neilson, 2005. "Dinámica de la Pobreza y Movilidad Relativa de los ingresos: Chile 1996 - 2001," Working Papers wp232, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp232

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Peter Gottschalk, 1997. "Inequality, Income Growth, and Mobility: The Basic Facts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 21-40, Spring.
    2. Bob Baulch & John Hoddinott, 2000. "Economic mobility and poverty dynamics in developing countries," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 1-24.
    3. Neil McCulloch & Bob Baulch, 2000. "Simulating the impact of policy upon chronic and transitory poverty in rural Pakistan," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 100-130.
    4. Christiaensen, Luc J.M. & Boisvert, Richard N., 2000. "On Measuring Household Food Vulnerability: Case Evidence from Northern Mali," Working Papers 127676, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
    5. Glewwe, Paul & Hall, Gillette, 1998. "Are some groups more vulnerable to macroeconomic shocks than others? Hypothesis tests based on panel data from Peru," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 181-206, June.
    6. Bound, John, et al, 1994. "Evidence on the Validity of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Labor Market Data," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 345-368, July.
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    Pobreza; educación; movilidad.;


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