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Religiosity: Identifying the Effect of Pluralism

Author

Listed:
  • Metin M. Cosgel

    (University of Connecticut)

  • Jungbin Hwang

    (University of Connecticut)

  • Thomas J. Miceli

    (University of Connecticut)

  • Sadullah Yıldırım

    (Ibn Haldun University)

Abstract

Economists and sociologists have long disagreed over the effect of pluralism on religiosity. The controversy stems from the omission of religion’s role in legitimizing government, which has significantly biased previous estimates. We use a novel identification strategy that exploits the variation among countries in their proximity (cost of travel) to centers of universal religions of the world (Buddhism, Christianity, Islam). Whereas the results of OLS analysis tentatively suggest a negative association between pluralism and religiosity, estimates from the method of instrumental variables reveal that the direct effect of pluralism is positive. Our results support the argument that enhanced competition in the religion market would increase religiosity by offering believers a greater variety and quality of choices.

Suggested Citation

  • Metin M. Cosgel & Jungbin Hwang & Thomas J. Miceli & Sadullah Yıldırım, 2018. "Religiosity: Identifying the Effect of Pluralism," Working papers 2018-19, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2018-19
    Note: Metin Cosgel is the corresponding author
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Moamen Gouda & Jerg Gutmann, 2021. "Islamic constitutions and religious minorities," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 186(3), pages 243-265, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    pluralism; religiosity; diversity; legitimacy; universal religion;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents
    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems

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