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La internacionalización de las empresas en Colombia

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  • Germán Enrique Nova Caldas

Abstract

El éxito en los mercados internacionales se sustenta en las acciones que se desarrollen para reforzar la innovación y la competitividad empresarial. Aunque este ha sido el énfasis que los distintos gobiernos de Colombia han dado a sus planes de desarrollo, hasta ahora los avances han sido poco significativos y hoy se sigue insistiendo en la importancia de fortalecer los ejes fundamentales: educación universal y de calidad; mejorar la infraestructura; diversificar las exportaciones; y, reducir la informalidad empresarial y laboral, entre otros. Este documento se divide en cuatro secciones: La internacionalización y la estrategia empresarial, consolida las teorías clasificándolas en los enfoques económico-institucional, administrativo y, Born Global; La economía colombiana en el contexto internacional, analiza la evolución de las exportaciones, la IED y el ICG; Dinámica empresarial colombiana, incluyendo los casos de Colombina S.A. y algunas PYMES de Medellín; y, Perspectivas y recomendaciones, presenta el nuevo régimen arancelario, para Colombia, adoptado en marzo de 2016 y recoge una reflexión sobre la importancia de diversificar las exportaciones.

Suggested Citation

  • Germán Enrique Nova Caldas, 2016. "La internacionalización de las empresas en Colombia," Working Papers 04/16, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
  • Handle: RePEc:uae:wpaper:0416
    as

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    File URL: http://www3.uah.es/iaes/publicaciones/DT_04_16.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    internacionalización; competitividad; estrategia empresarial; acuerdos comerciales; y; ventajas competitivas.;
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