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International Differences in R&D: An Empirical Investigation of a "Quality Ladder" Implication

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  • Werner Antweiler, Jr.

Abstract

R&D varies substantially across countries. By introducing the profit motive into R&D, the "quality ladder" growth model implies an inverse relationship between the national activity levels of R&D and unit costs of R&D. This inverse relationship is supported by findings from a data set of direct measures and a second data set that contains measures based on the R&D content of international trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Werner Antweiler, Jr., 1994. "International Differences in R&D: An Empirical Investigation of a "Quality Ladder" Implication," Working Papers ecpap-95-01, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tor:tecipa:ecpap-95-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Productivity, R&D, and the Data Constraint," NBER Chapters,in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 347-374 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Grossman, Gene M & Helpman, Elhanan, 1989. "Product Development and International Trade," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1261-1283, December.
    5. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 1991. "Quality Ladders in the Theory of Growth," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(1), pages 43-61.
    6. Coe, David T. & Helpman, Elhanan, 1995. "International R&D spillovers," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 859-887, May.
    7. Grossman, Gene M & Helpman, Elhanan, 1990. "Comparative Advantage and Long-run Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(4), pages 796-815, September.
    8. Elhanan Helpman & David T. Coe, 1993. "International RandD Spillovers," IMF Working Papers 93/84, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Eduardo Correia de Souza & Jorge Chami Batista, 2008. "International Knowledge Mobility and Global Innovation," Anais do XXXVI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 36th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 200807152237460, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International R&D Competition; R&D Content of Trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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