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Faut-il décourager le découplage ?

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  • Eloi Laurent

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

L'idée de l'impossibilité d'un découplage absolu entre la croissance économique et son impact environnemental occupe le coeur de la démonstration de l'ouvrage récent du chercheur britannique Tim Jackson, Prospérité sans croissance. Après avoir mis en lumière certaines limites empiriques de la démonstration de Jackson, cet article insiste sur l'importance du concept de découplage comme instrument de la transition écologique des économies, en particulier dans l'Union européenne. À l'aune de l'expérience européenne de découplage absolu entre croissance économique et émissions de gaz à effet de serre, une distinction importante est introduite, non seulement entre découplage absolu et relatif, mais surtout entre découplage brut et net. L'article élargit ensuite la question du découplage européen à l'enjeu des pollutions atmosphériques et des ressources naturelles pour conclure à la nécessité de définir et de percevoir le découplage dans toutes ses dimensions.

Suggested Citation

  • Eloi Laurent, 2011. "Faut-il décourager le découplage ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompq, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/eu4vqp9ompqllr09hi4j535cm
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    File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/eu4vqp9ompqllr09hi4j535cm/resources/2011-eloi-faut-il-decourager-le-decouplage.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Steinberger, Julia K. & Krausmann, Fridolin & Eisenmenger, Nina, 2010. "Global patterns of materials use: A socioeconomic and geophysical analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(5), pages 1148-1158, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Khaoua, Nadji & Boumghar, Mohamed Yazid & Kerrouk, Mohamed Said, 2014. "L'ECODEVELOPPEMENT dans le cadre du Partenariat Euro-Méditerranéen : cas du territoire littoral d'ALGERIE et du MAROC
      [ECODEVELOPMENT in the light of Euro Mediterranean Partnership : Cases of coast
      ," MPRA Paper 60128, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    découplage; prospérité sans croissance; Union européenne;

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