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Division du travail et progrès technique

Author

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  • Xavier Ragot

    (Département d'économie)

Abstract

Cet article présente une modélisation de la croissance fondée sur le lien entre division du travail et progrès technique. La division du travail donne lieu à des opportunités d’introduction de nouvelles machines qui viennent aider ou remplacer les travailleurs. Des tâches devenues obsolètes disparaissent, et de nouvelles tâches sont créées pour produire les nouvelles machines. Ce modèle permet d’étudier la dynamique conjointe des deux facteurs de production, travail et capital. On montre que la diversité des tâches croît moins vite lorsque le progrès technique s’accélère. On montre, par ailleurs, que cette modélisation de l’innovation produit un modèle de croissance sans effets de taille.

Suggested Citation

  • Xavier Ragot, 2003. "Division du travail et progrès technique," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/213eirv3qr8, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/213eirv3qr8fqpl5i66e1hrfr1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 323-351, March.
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    7. Freeman, Chris, 1994. "The Economics of Technical Change," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 18(5), pages 463-514, October.
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    10. Young, Allyn A., 1928. "Increasing Returns and Economic Progress," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 38, pages 527-542.
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    12. Eicher, Theo S & Turnovsky, Stephen J, 1999. "Non-scale Models of Economic Growth," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(457), pages 394-415, July.
    13. George J. Stigler, 1951. "The Division of Labor is Limited by the Extent of the Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 59, pages 185-185.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Division du travail; Modélisation de la croissance; Progrès technique;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General

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