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Perspective historique sur l’évolution des salaires réels au Québec (1940-2016)

Author

Listed:
  • Jacques Rouillard

    (Département d'histoire, Université de Montréal)

  • Jean-François Rouillard

    () (Département d'économique, Université de Sherbrooke)

Abstract

Dans cet article, nous examinons l’évolution des salaires réels au Québec en distinguant deux périodes : 1940-1977 et 1978-2016. La première est marquée par une augmentation substantielle de la rémunération des salariés qui suit de près la progression de la productivité du travail, alors que la deuxième voit leurs salaires croître à peu près au même rythme que l’augmentation des prix à la consommation. L’évolution de la productivité du travail se démarque alors de celle des salaires réels. Nous relevons également un renversement de la part du PIB provincial allouée à la rémunération du travail. Après avoir atteint un sommet à la fin des années 1970, cette part chute par la suite alors que les bénéfices des sociétés connaissent une envolée. Il nous apparaît que l'évolution des salaires réels est liée pour beaucoup au rapport de force que les salariés peuvent détenir sur le marché du travail et que le degré d’interventionnisme de l’État est un facteur déterminant dans la constitution de ce rapport de force.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques Rouillard & Jean-François Rouillard, 2018. "Perspective historique sur l’évolution des salaires réels au Québec (1940-2016)," Cahiers de recherche 18-04, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:18-04
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    File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-1804.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Robert M. Solow, 1956. "A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(1), pages 65-94.
    2. Dussault, F. & Lacroix, R., 1981. "The Spillover Effect of Public-Sector Wage Contracts in Canada," Cahiers de recherche 8105, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
    3. Andrew Sharpe & Jean-François Arsenault & Peter Harrison, 2008. "The Relationship between Productivity and Real Wage Growth in Canada and OECD Countries, 1961-2006," CSLS Research Reports 2008-08, Centre for the Study of Living Standards.
    4. Andrew Sharpe & Jean-Francois Arsenault & Peter Harrison, 2008. "Why Have Real Wages Lagged Labour Productivity Growth in Canada?," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 17, pages 16-27, Fall.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    salaires réels; productivité; histoire économique; part du travail dans le PIB; Québec.;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution

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