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Determinants of Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) in Nepalese Cooperative Societies


  • Gyanendra Prasad Paudel

    () (Nepal merchant Cooperative Ltd.)

  • Suvash Khanal

    () (Kist College)


Due to a poor capital standard some depository institutions (DIs) failed recently. Therefore,stakeholders such as regulators, managers, researchers, etc. are concerned to fix a precise level of long-term sources of fund in their capital structure. DIs are highly levered firm because major portion of their capital structure consists of debt collected from deposits. Thus, capital adequacy ratio is a significant measure to evaluate efficiency and stability which affects the likelihood of insolvency for those institutions. Nepalese banks are applying Basel framework in order to maintaining a precise level capital standard. But, Nepalese cooperatives such as saving and credit cooperatives, multipurpose cooperatives, etc. are not regulated by the central bank, and thus, are not subjected to follow the Basel. In this regard, we evaluated the determinants of the capital adequacy ratio of Nepalese cooperative societies through descriptive, correlation, and regression analysis using an unbalance panel data of 126 co-operatives from 2009 to 2013. The core determinants of capital adequacy ratio for the Nepalese cooperatives are credit to deposit ratio, net interest margin and types of cooperative in positive direction, whereas assets utilization ratio, size and return on equity in negative direction. Though, the big sized cooperatives have poor strategic capital, the resulted mean and standard deviation suggest cooperatives? capital adequacy ratio is higher but inconsistent than commercial banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Gyanendra Prasad Paudel & Suvash Khanal, 2016. "Determinants of Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) in Nepalese Cooperative Societies," Proceedings of Economics and Finance Conferences 3205910, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:sek:iefpro:3205910

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bekaert, Geert & Harvey, Campbell R. & Lundblad, Christian, 2001. "Emerging equity markets and economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 465-504, December.
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    4. Vincent Okoth Ongore & Gemechu Berhanu Kusa, 2013. "Determinants of Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Kenya," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 237-252.
    5. Ingo Walter, 2003. "Conflicts of Interest and Market Discipline Among Financial Services Firms," Working Papers 03-24, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    6. Beverly Hirtle & Jose A. Lopez, 1999. "Supervisory information and the frequency of bank examinations," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Apr, pages 1-20.
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    More about this item


    Capital Adequacy Ratio; Nepalese Cooperative Societies; Financial Ratios; Microfinance Governance and Regulation.;

    JEL classification:

    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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