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Differenziali Territoriali di Produttivita' ed Efficienza negli Anni '90: i Livelli e l'Andamento

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Abstract

Nel presente lavoro, dopo avere effettuato una rassegna degli approcci esistenti in letteratura sulle ragioni dello sviluppo dualistico dell'economia italiana, si argomenta che per valutare il potere esplicativo di questi approcci e' importante esaminare alcune loro predizioni empiriche relativamente a livello e andamento della produttivita' totale dei fattori, nonche' degli elementi in cui queste variabili possono essere scomposte. Basandosi sui dati dell'Indagine del Mediocredito Centrale, vengono quindi calcolati per gli anni '90 misure di efficienza tecnica, di scala e allocativa, nonche' degli indici di Malmquist, per un campione piuttosto ampio (e territorialmente diversificato) di imprese manifatturiere. Dai risultati di questa analisi e' possibile desumere la rilevanza di consistenti differenziali territoriali di efficienza tecnica e allocativa, ancorche' in minor grado per quest ultima. Effetti di scala sono meno rilevanti between regions, ma acquistano una certa importanza dal punto di vista delle variazioni nel tempo. L'eccesso di costo dovuto a una troppo alta quota capitale/lavoro e significativamente piu' elevato per il Mezzogiorno, e acquista maggiore rilevanza per tutto il Paese negli ultimi anni del campione.

Suggested Citation

  • Sergio Destefanis, 2001. "Differenziali Territoriali di Produttivita' ed Efficienza negli Anni '90: i Livelli e l'Andamento," CELPE Discussion Papers 59, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:sal:celpdp:59
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    Cited by:

    1. Lilia Costabile, 2002. "Riforme istituzionali ed esiti economici: l'evoluzione della "relazione d'impiego" e il ruolo del capitale umano specifico nell'esperienza italiana," Economia politica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 349-362.
    2. R. Pala & E. Marrocu & R. Paci, 2000. "Estimation of total factor productivity for regions and sectors in Italy. A panel cointegration approach," Working Paper CRENoS 200016, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    3. Joseph Byrne & Giorgio Fazio & Davide Piacentino, 2009. "Total Factor Productivity Convergence among Italian Regions: Some Evidence from Panel Unit Root Tests," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(1), pages 63-76.
    4. Salvatore Farace & Fernanda Mazzotta, 2015. "The effect of human capital and networks on knowledge and innovation in SMEs," Journal of Innovation Economics, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 39-71.
    5. Nadia Netti, 2006. "The Wage Curve in Italian Manufacturing Industry," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 2, May.
    6. Davide Piacentino, 2008. "Productivity, Infrastructures and Convergence: Panel Data Evidence on Italian Regions," SCIENZE REGIONALI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2008(2), pages 5-26.
    7. Fabrizio Erbetta & Carmelo Petraglia, 2011. "Drivers of Regional Efficiency Differentials in Italy: Technical Inefficiency or Allocative Distortions?," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(3), pages 351-375, September.
    8. Lilia Costabile, 2002. "Aspetti economici del "Libro Bianco del Ministero del Lavoro"," STUDI ECONOMICI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2002(77).
    9. Joseph Byrne & Giorgio Fazio & Davide Piacentino, 2005. "Convergence in TFP among Italian Regions - Panel Unit Roots with Heterogeneity and Cross Sectional Dependence," ERSA conference papers ersa05p591, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Sena, Vania, 2006. "The determinants of firms' performance: Can finance constraints improve technical efficiency?," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 172(1), pages 311-325, July.
    11. FARACE, Salvatore & MAZZOTTA, Fernanda, 2011. "Bivariate Probit Models for Analysing how “Knowledge” Affects Innovation and Performance in Small and Medium Sized Firms," CELPE Discussion Papers 120, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
    12. S. Auci, 2014. "The role of production chains in Italian industry: A steady connection between Italy's North-West and South," Rivista economica del Mezzogiorno, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 617-658.
    13. Lilia Costabile, 2001. "Il Libro Bianco del Ministero del Lavoro. Una nota critica," Rivista economica del Mezzogiorno, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 4, pages 869-894.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDH; DEA; regional labor markets; technical efficiency; scale efficiency; allocative efficiency;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
    • R32 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Other Spatial Production and Pricing Analysis

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