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Labour Spatial Mobility of Russians on the Example of the Inhabitants of Small Towns
[Трудовая Пространственная Мобильность Россиян На Примере Жителей Малых Городов]

Author

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  • Mkrtchyan, Nikita (Мкртчян, Никита)

    () (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))

  • Florinskaya, Yulia (Флоринская, Юлия)

    () (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))

Abstract

This paper discusses the issues of labor spatial mobility of the Russian population. The study was conducted on the example of small towns - as the most problematic in Russia in terms of economic development, inefficient employment, high unemployment, especially in the crisis period. For fieldwork selected four small Russian town - Vyazniki Vladimir Oblast; Rtishchevo of the Saratov region; Kamen-na-Obi Altai Krai; Satka Chelyabinsk region. In each of the cities carried out a representative survey of households and a survey of migrant workers by a standardized interview. In addition to the quantitative methods used in quality - expert interviews with representatives of the administration, employment services, with the management of schools and education institutions, as well as the management of the enterprises and organizations in the surveyed cities. The main conclusion of the work - labor spatial mobility of the population of small towns is at a high level. Over the past 5 years, 22% of households had a total migrant workers, ie It does not work in their village, living there for 5 days or more. Labour migration - this is an important strategy to survive not only to migrants but also the household as a whole. About 9% of households in small towns called the work on the road with one of the main sources of household funds existence. In coming years, growth in labor migration from small towns should not expect - almost everyone who is willing to participate in it, is already involved in it. Therefore, it is impossible to consider the population of small towns as the untapped resource of labor migration, or the potential for settlement of "empty space" in the east of Russia.

Suggested Citation

  • Mkrtchyan, Nikita (Мкртчян, Никита) & Florinskaya, Yulia (Флоринская, Юлия), 2016. "Labour Spatial Mobility of Russians on the Example of the Inhabitants of Small Towns [Трудовая Пространственная Мобильность Россиян На Примере Жителей Малых Городов]," Working Papers 2834, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
  • Handle: RePEc:rnp:wpaper:2834
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Локшин Михаил Моисеевич & Чернина Евгения Марковна, 2013. "Мигранты На Российском Рынке Труда: Портрет И Заработная Плата," Higher School of Economics Economic Journal Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», vol. 17(1), pages 41-74.
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    Keywords

    labour spatial mobility; Russians; small towns;

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