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How important are EU exports for jobs in the EU?


  • Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa

    (DG Trade)

  • Rueda-Cantuche, José Manuel


  • Amores, Antonio


  • Román, Victoria



The current paper estimates the number of jobs dependent on extra EU exports by means of multi-region input-output modelling. The estimation results of the authors show that: In 2017, EU exports to the world are more important than ever, supporting 36 million jobs in the EU. On average each billion euros of extra-EU exports supported more than 13,000 jobs in the EU. Export-related jobs are, on average, 12% better paid than other jobs in the rest of the economy. The export wage premium ranges from 10% to 18%, depending on the workers’ skill level and occupational profile.

Suggested Citation

  • Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa & Rueda-Cantuche, José Manuel & Amores, Antonio & Román, Victoria, 2018. "How important are EU exports for jobs in the EU?," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2018-4, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:dgtcen:2018_004

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. José Manuel Rueda-Cantuche & Nuno Sousa & Valeria Andreoni & Iñaki Arto, 2013. "The Single Market as an Engine for Employment through External Trade," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(5), pages 931-947, September.
    2. Inaki Arto & Jose M. Rueda-Cantuche & Ignacio Cazcarro & Antonio F. Amores & Erik Dietzenbacher & M. Victoria Roman & Zornitsa Kutlina-Dimitrova, 2018. "EU exports to the world: Effects on employment," JRC Working Papers JRC113071, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    3. Timmer, Marcel P. & Los, Bart & Stehrer, Robert & de Vries, Gaaitzen J., 2016. "An Anatomy of the Global Trade Slowdown based on the WIOD 2016 Release," GGDC Research Memorandum GD-162, Groningen Growth and Development Centre, University of Groningen.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rueda-Cantuche, Jose Manuel & Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa & Sousa, Nuno, 2019. "Female participation in EU exporting activities: jobs and wages," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2019-3, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.

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    More about this item


    international trade; employment; Input-Output modelling;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions


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