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La valorisation de la recherche publique en France et la question de l’université (The commercialization of public research in france and the issue of university)

Author

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  • Blandine LAPERCHE

    () (RRI)

  • Dimitri UZUNIDIS

    () (RRI)

Abstract

En France, comme dans tous les autres pays industriels, les pouvoirs publics essaient d’accroître les relations entre universités et entreprises pour stimuler la créativité, l’innovation et la croissance économique. Mais la loi, à elle seule, est-elle un facteur suffisant pour impulser le rapprochement entre recherche scientifique et entreprises ? Cet article traite de la problématique de la valorisation de la recherche publique. Il retrace son émergence, son application dans le cas français, et présente ses avantages attendus et débats que ce nouveau cadre réglementaire suscite. Il interroge ainsi la pertinence de ce modèle du « tout contrat ». In France, as in every industrial country, states try to reinforce the relations between universities and enterprises, in order to stimulate creativity, innovation and economic growth. But is the law in itself sufficient to give impetus to the cooperation between public research and enterprises? This paper deals with the issue of the commercialization of research. It comes back to its origins, its implementation in the French case and presents its foreseen advantages and the debates that this new framework creates. It thus questions the relevance of this model based on “contract”.

Suggested Citation

  • Blandine LAPERCHE & Dimitri UZUNIDIS, 2010. "La valorisation de la recherche publique en France et la question de l’université (The commercialization of public research in france and the issue of university)," Working Papers 16, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:rridoc:16
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Blandine Laperche & Dimitri Uzunidis & G. N. von Tunzelmann (ed.), 2008. "The Genesis of Innovation," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12926.
    2. Etzkowitz, Henry, 1998. "The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university-industry linkages," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 823-833, December.
    3. Jaffe, Adam B., 2000. "The U.S. patent system in transition: policy innovation and the innovation process," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 531-557, April.
    4. Blandine Laperche, 2002. "The Four Key Factors for Commercialising Research: The Case of a Young University in a Region in Crisis," Higher Education Management and Policy, OECD Publishing, vol. 14(3), pages 149-175.
    5. Dimitri Uzunidis, 2003. "Les facteurs actuels qui font de la Science une force productive au service du capital Le quatrième moment de l'organisation de la production," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 17(1), pages 51-78.
    6. Henrekson, Magnus & Rosenberg, Nathan, 2001. "Designing Efficient Institutions for Science-Based Entrepreneurship: Lessons from the US and Sweden," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 207-231, June.
    7. Arocena, Rodrigo & Sutz, Judith, 2001. "Changing knowledge production and Latin American universities," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(8), pages 1221-1234, October.
    8. Mayntz, Renate, 1998. "Socialist academies of sciences: the enforced orientation of basic research at user needs," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 781-791, December.
    9. Nancy T. Gallini, 2002. "The Economics of Patents: Lessons from Recent U.S. Patent Reform," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(2), pages 131-154, Spring.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    research; university; commercialization;

    JEL classification:

    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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