Employment Composition: A Study of Australian Employment Growth, 2002–2006
This paper uses data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to examine whether there was a change in employment rates for people with ‘low employment’ characteristics between 2002 and 2006, which was a period of strong employment growth. In particular, it estimates the relationships between employment and personal and household characteristics using a binomial logit model, with a comparison of the coefficients in 2002 and 2006 providing tentative evidence of a broadening of employment over this period. To explore this further, the paper examines whether the broadening in employment reflects an improvement in the relative employment prospects of the unemployed or of those outside of the labour force (which includes the ‘marginally attached’ and those who can be more strictly described as being ‘not in the labour force’). Estimates of a multinomial logit model imply that the improvement in the relative employment prospects of those outside of the labour force was the more important effect. In particular, between 2002 and 2006, the concentration of ‘low employment’ characteristics decreased among people who are only marginally attached and those not in the labour force, suggesting that the strong employment growth was especially beneficial for these groups. In contrast, the concentration of ‘low employment’ characteristics in the unemployment pool was broadly unchanged.
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- Yongsung Chang & Sun-Bin Kim & Mark Bils, 2007.
"Comparative Advantage in Cyclical Unemployment,"
2007 Meeting Papers
508, Society for Economic Dynamics.
- Mark Bils & Yongsung Chang & Sun-Bin Kim, 2007. "Comparative Advantage in Cyclical Unemployment," NBER Working Papers 13231, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Mark Bils & Yongsung Chang & Sun-Bin Kim, 2008. "Comparative Advantage in Cyclical Unemployment," RCER Working Papers 540, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
- Mark Bils & Yongsung Chang & Sun-Bin Kim, 2007. "Comparative Advantage in Cyclical Unemployment," Discussion Paper Series 0713, Institute of Economic Research, Korea University.
- Matthew Gray & Alexandra Heath & Boyd Hunter, 2002. "An Exploration of Marginal Attachment to the Australian Labour Market," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2002-07, Reserve Bank of Australia.
- Robert Breunig & Deborah A. Cobb-Clark & Xiaodong Gong, 2008.
"Improving the Modelling of Couples' Labour Supply,"
The Economic Record,
The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 84(267), pages 466-485, December.
- Breunig, Robert & Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. & Gong, Xiaodong, 2005. "Improving the Modeling of Couples' Labour Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 1773, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Robert Breunig & Deborah Cobb-Clark & Xiaodong Gong, 2005. "Improving the Modeling of Couples' Labour Supply," CEPR Discussion Papers 499, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University.
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