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Genetically Engineered Crops’ Authorizations in the US and the EU: a Struggle Against the Clock

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  • Richard Danvers Smart
  • Matthias Blum
  • Justus Wesseler

Abstract

The regulation of genetically engineered crops is important for society: ensuring their safety for humans and the environment. Their authorization starts with a scientific step and ends with a political step. Trends in the time taken for their authorization in the European Union are that they are decreasing, but in the United States there is a break in the overall trend: initially it decreased until 1998 after which it increased.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Danvers Smart & Matthias Blum & Justus Wesseler, 2014. "Genetically Engineered Crops’ Authorizations in the US and the EU: a Struggle Against the Clock," Economics Working Papers 14-03, Queen's Management School, Queen's University Belfast.
  • Handle: RePEc:qub:wpaper:1403
    as

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    File URL: ftp://ftp.qub.ac.uk/pub/users/repec/qub/wpaper/MS_WPS_ECO_14_03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Deirdre N. McCloskey & Stephen T. Ziliak, 1996. "The Standard Error of Regressions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 97-114, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regulation; Agriculture; Agricultural economics; Innovations; GMO; Biotechnology;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • N22 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
    • N24 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N42 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-

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