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Testing procedures for detection of linear dependencies in efficiency models

The validity of many efficiency measurement methods rely upon the assumption that variables such as input quantities and output mixes are independent of (or uncorrelated with) technical efficiency, however few studies have attempted to test these assumptions. In a recent paper, Wilson (2003) investigates a number of independence tests and finds that they have poor size properties and low power in moderate sample sizes. In this study we discuss the implications of these assumptions in three situations: (i) bootstrapping non-parametric efficiency models; (ii) estimating stochastic frontier models and (iii) obtaining aggregate measures of industry efficiency. We propose a semi-parametric Hausmann-type asymptotic test for linear independence (uncorrelation), and use a Monte Carlo experiment to show that it has good size and power properties in finite samples. We also describe how the test can be generalized in order to detect higher order dependencies, such as heteroscedasticity, so that the test can be used to test for (full) independence when the efficiency distribution has a finite number of moments. Finally, an empirical illustration is provided using data on US electric power generation.

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File URL: http://www.uq.edu.au/economics/cepa/docs/WP/WP022008.pdf
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Paper provided by School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia in its series CEPA Working Papers Series with number WP022008.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:qld:uqcepa:30
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  1. Léopold Simar & Paul Wilson, 2000. "Statistical Inference in Nonparametric Frontier Models: The State of the Art," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 49-78, January.
  2. Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-71, November.
  3. Cinzia Daraio & Leopold Simar, 2003. "Introducing Environmental Variables in Nonparametric Frontier Models: a Probabilistic Approach," LEM Papers Series 2003/17, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
  4. Mas-Colell, Andreu & Whinston, Michael D. & Green, Jerry R., 1995. "Microeconomic Theory," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195102680, December.
  5. Battese, G E & Coelli, T J, 1995. "A Model for Technical Inefficiency Effects in a Stochastic Frontier Production Function for Panel Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 325-32.
  6. Zelenyuk, Valentin, 2005. "Aggregation of Malmquist Productivity Indexes," MPRA Paper 34689, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Charles Blackorby & R. Russell, 1999. "Aggregation of Efficiency Indices," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 5-20, August.
  8. Diewert, W Erwin, 1978. "Superlative Index Numbers and Consistency in Aggregation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(4), pages 883-900, July.
  9. Christensen, Laurits R & Greene, William H, 1976. "Economies of Scale in U.S. Electric Power Generation," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages 655-76, August.
  10. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-74, October.
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