Underground economy: Irregular employment in Italy from 1980 to 2009
The paper analyzes the units of full-time employment (ULA) as estimated by ISTAT National Accounts. The cyclical analysis can highlight the role that irregular employment (dependent and independent) play on the dynamics of the Italian economy, emphasizing the relationship of substitution between irregular and regular sector. The irregular (both dependent and independent) are not true leading of the cycle, but when the GDP grows, they move earlier, while the regular are slower to adapt. These findings provide important implications in terms of policy on the complex phenomenon of undeclared work.
|Date of creation:||22 Dec 2010|
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- Bruno Chiarini & Elisabetta Marzano, 2004.
"Dimensione E Dinamica Dell'Economia Sommersa: Un Approfondimento Del Currency Demand Approach,"
4_2004, D.E.S. (Department of Economic Studies), University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
- Chiarini Bruno & Marzano Elisabetta, 2004. "Dimensione e dinamica dell'economia sommersa: un approfondimento del "currency demand approach"," Politica economica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 303-334.
- Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
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