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Maternal deaths in Zimbabwe: Is it a crime to be a woman in Zimbabwe?


  • Nyoni, Thabani


Is it a crime to be a woman in Zimbabwe? Is it normal to have at least 6 women dying each day of pregnancy related complications? The time to deal with maternal health problems in Zimbabwe is now! This study uses annual time series data on maternal deaths and Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in Zimbabwe from 1990 to 2015, to model and forecast both maternal deaths and MMR using the Box-Jenkins ARIMA technique. Diagnostic tests indicate that both M_t and MMR_t are I (2) variables. Based on minimum AIC statistics, the study presents the ARIMA (0, 2, 2) model and the ARIMA (2, 2, 0) model as the parsimonious models for forecasting maternal deaths and MMR respectively. The diagnostic tests further show that these models are stable and hence suitable for forecasting maternal deaths and MMR respectively. The selected optimal models prove beyond any reasonable doubt that in the next decade (2016 – 2025), maternal deaths and MMR in Zimbabwe are likely to increase. This is a serious warning signal on the need to give maternal health the attention it deserves. The study boasts of three policy prescriptions that are envisaged to reverse the predictions of the selected optimal models.

Suggested Citation

  • Nyoni, Thabani, 2019. "Maternal deaths in Zimbabwe: Is it a crime to be a woman in Zimbabwe?," MPRA Paper 96789, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:96789

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Grossman, Michael, 1972. "On the Concept of Health Capital and the Demand for Health," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 80(2), pages 223-255, March-Apr.
    2. Muurinen, Jaana-Marja, 1982. "Demand for health: A generalised Grossman model," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 5-28, May.
    3. Emmanuel Thompson & Seidu Sofo, 2015. "Economic Impact of Maternal Mortality in Africa: A Panel Data Approach," Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 4(3), pages 1-4.
    4. WHO & UNICEF & UNFPA & World Bank & United Nations Population Division, 2014. "Trends in Maternal Mortality : 1990 to 2013," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 18203, January.
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    More about this item


    Maternal deaths; maternal mortality ratio;

    JEL classification:

    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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