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Oil Price and Exchange Rate Volatilities: Its Implications on the Cost of Living in OPEC Member Country - Nigeria

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Listed:
  • Udabah, Sylvester
  • Okolo, Chimaobi

Abstract

As the large exporter of crude oil, Nigeria heavily depends on oil earnings to fund economic activities. The country also rely heavily on imports of consumables, both oil and non oil consumables. Nigerias vulnerability to crude oil price shock at the international oil market exposes the nation to certain negative shocks. The study investigated the dynamics of crude oil price and exchange rate volatilities and its implication on the cost of living in Nigeria. Structural Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity (S-GARCH) was employed to measure the influence of crude oil price volatility on the exchange rate fluctuation as well as their influence on the consumer price index. Oil price and exchange rate volatilities did not significantly pass-through to the consumer price index in Nigeria. However, information on previous volatilities proved a significant determinant of current volatilities. The media should be significantly utilized as a strategic tool to better predict and manage oil price and exchange rate volatilities in Nigeria. Government should further reconsider allowing the importation of certain consumable goods which are also produced in Nigeria, while boosting domestic production and export.

Suggested Citation

  • Udabah, Sylvester & Okolo, Chimaobi, 2018. "Oil Price and Exchange Rate Volatilities: Its Implications on the Cost of Living in OPEC Member Country - Nigeria," MPRA Paper 86509, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:86509
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/86509/1/MPRA_paper_86509.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Rosser, J. Jr. & Sheehan, Richard G., 1995. "A vector autoregressive model of the Saudi Arabian economy," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 79-90, February.
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    3. Masih, Rumi & Peters, Sanjay & De Mello, Lurion, 2011. "Oil price volatility and stock price fluctuations in an emerging market: Evidence from South Korea," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 975-986, September.
    4. Khuram Shafi & Liu Hua & Zahra Idrees & Javed Altaf Satti & Amna Nazeer, 2015. "Exchange Rate Volatility and Oil Prices Shocks," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 5(1), pages 249-256, January.
    5. Ogundipe, Adeyemi & Ogundipe, Oluwatomisin, 2013. "Oil Price and Exchange Rate Volatility in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 51668, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Joseph Ayoola Omojolaibi, 2013. "Does Volatility in Crude Oil Price Precipitate Macroeconomic Performance in Nigeria?," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(2), pages 143-152.
    7. C. Emre Alper & Orhan Torul, 2008. "Oil Prices, aggregate economic activity and global liquidity conditions: evidence from Turkey," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 17(6), pages 1-8.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cost of living; exchange rate; oil price; pass-through; volatilities.;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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